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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Effective Grain Size on Low Temperature Toughness of High-Strength Pipeline Steel

1
Department of Structural Steel, Central Iron and Steel Research Institute, Beijing 100083, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Metal Materials for Marine Equipment and Applications of Iron & Steel Research Institutes of Ansteel Group Corporation, Anshan 114009, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(22), 3672; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12223672
Received: 20 September 2019 / Revised: 28 October 2019 / Accepted: 28 October 2019 / Published: 7 November 2019
In this study, the series temperature Charpy impact and drop-weight tear test (DWTT) were investigated, the misorientation angles among structural boundaries where the cleavage crack propagated were identified, and angles of {100} cleavage planes between adjacent grains along the cleavage crack propagated path were calculated in five directions (0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90° to the rolling direction) of high-grade pipeline steel. Furthermore, the effective grain size (grain with misorientation angles greater than 15°) was redefined, and the quantitative influences of the redefined effective grain size on Charpy impact and DWTT is also discussed synthetically. The results showed that the microstructure presented a typical acicular ferrite characteristic with some polygonal ferrite and M-A islands (composed of martensite and retained austenite), and the distribution of the high-angle grain boundaries were mainly distributed in the range of 45°–65° in different directions. The Charpy impact energy and percent shear area of DWTT in the five directions increased with refinement of the redefined effective grain size, composed of grains with {100} cleavage planes less than 35° between grain boundaries. The ductile-to-brittle transition temperature also decreased with the refining of the redefined effective grain size. The redefined effective grain boundaries can strongly hinder fracture propagation through electron backscattered diffraction analysis of the cleavage crack path, and thus redefined effective grain can act as the effective microstructure unit for cleavage. View Full-Text
Keywords: pipeline steel; toughness; cleavage unit; crack propagation; misorientation angles pipeline steel; toughness; cleavage unit; crack propagation; misorientation angles
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Niu, Y.; Jia, S.; Liu, Q.; Tong, S.; Li, B.; Ren, Y.; Wang, B. Influence of Effective Grain Size on Low Temperature Toughness of High-Strength Pipeline Steel. Materials 2019, 12, 3672.

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