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Open AccessArticle

Development of Photovoltaic Module with Fabricated and Evaluated Novel Backsheet-Based Biocomposite Materials

1
Advanced Engineering Materials and Composites Research Center, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400 UPM, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Laboratory of Bio-Composite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400 UPM, Selangor, Malaysia
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hashemite University, Zarqa 13133, Jordan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(18), 3007; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12183007
Received: 31 July 2019 / Revised: 15 August 2019 / Accepted: 16 August 2019 / Published: 17 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Materials for Photovoltaic Applications)
Photovoltaic backsheets have considerable impact on the collective performance of solar cells. Material components should withstand certain temperatures and loads while maintaining high thermal stability under various weather conditions. Solar modules must demonstrate increased reliability, adequate performance, safety, and durability throughout the course of their lifetime. This work presents a novel solar module. The module consists of an innovative polyvinylidene fluoride-short sugar palm fiber (PVDF-SSPF) composite backsheet within its structure. It was electrically and thermally evaluated. The current-voltage characteristics (I-V) were obtained using the solar module analyzer, PROVA 210PV. A thermal evaluation was accomplished using a temperature device, SDL200. The thermal test consisted of two different assessments. The first targeted the surface and backsheet of the developed module to correlate their performance from within. The second assessment compared the thermal performance of the fabricated backsheet with the conventional one. Both tests were combined into a heatmap analysis to further understand the thermal performance. Results revealed that the developed module exhibited reasonable electrical efficiency, achieving appropriate and balanced I-V curves. PVDF-SSPF backsheets proved to be thermally stable by displaying less heat absorbance and better temperature shifts. Additional research efforts are highly encouraged to investigate other characteristics. To enhance performance, further analyses are needed such as the damp heat analysis, accelerated aging analysis, and heat dissipation phenomena. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar modules; photovoltaic applications; novel backsheets; electrical and thermal performances solar modules; photovoltaic applications; novel backsheets; electrical and thermal performances
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alaaeddin, M.H.; Sapuan, S.M.; Zuhri, M.Y.M.; Zainudin, E.S.; M. AL-Oqla, F. Development of Photovoltaic Module with Fabricated and Evaluated Novel Backsheet-Based Biocomposite Materials. Materials 2019, 12, 3007.

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