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Open AccessArticle

Revisiting the Dependence of Poisson’s Ratio on Liquid Fragility and Atomic Packing Density in Oxide Glasses

1
Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg East, Denmark
2
Institute of High-Pressure Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 01-142 Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(15), 2439; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12152439
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 29 July 2019 / Accepted: 29 July 2019 / Published: 31 July 2019
Poisson’s ratio (ν) defines a material’s propensity to laterally expand upon compression, or laterally shrink upon tension for non-auxetic materials. This fundamental metric has traditionally, in some fields, been assumed to be a material-independent constant, but it is clear that it varies with composition across glasses, ceramics, metals, and polymers. The intrinsically elastic metric has also been suggested to control a range of properties, even beyond the linear-elastic regime. Notably, metallic glasses show a striking brittle-to-ductile (BTD) transition for ν-values above ~0.32. The BTD transition has also been suggested to be valid for oxide glasses, but, unfortunately, direct prediction of Poisson’s ratio from chemical composition remains challenging. With the long-term goal to discover such high-ν oxide glasses, we here revisit whether previously proposed relationships between Poisson’s ratio and liquid fragility (m) and atomic packing density (Cg) hold for oxide glasses, since this would enable m and Cg to be used as surrogates for ν. To do so, we have performed an extensive literature review and synthesized new oxide glasses within the zinc borate and aluminoborate families that are found to exhibit high Poisson’s ratio values up to ~0.34. We are not able to unequivocally confirm the universality of the Novikov-Sokolov correlation between ν and m and that between ν and Cg for oxide glass-formers, nor for the organic, ionic, chalcogenide, halogenide, or metallic glasses. Despite significant scatter, we do, however, observe an overall increase in ν with increasing m and Cg, but it is clear that additional structural details besides m or Cg are needed to predict and understand the composition dependence of Poisson’s ratio. Finally, we also infer from literature data that, in addition to high ν, high Young’s modulus is also needed to obtain glasses with high fracture toughness. View Full-Text
Keywords: oxide glasses; poisson’s ratio; liquid fragility; atomic packing density oxide glasses; poisson’s ratio; liquid fragility; atomic packing density
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Østergaard, M.B.; Hansen, S.R.; Januchta, K.; To, T.; Rzoska, S.J.; Bockowski, M.; Bauchy, M.; Smedskjaer, M.M. Revisiting the Dependence of Poisson’s Ratio on Liquid Fragility and Atomic Packing Density in Oxide Glasses. Materials 2019, 12, 2439.

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