In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of Starfish Bone-Derived β-Tricalcium Phosphate as a Bone Substitute Material
AbstractWe evaluated starfish-derived β-tricalcium phosphate (Sf-TCP) obtained by phosphatization of starfish-bone-derived porous calcium carbonate as a potential bone substitute material. The Sf-TCP had a communicating pore structure with a pore size of approximately 10 μm. Although the porosity of Sf-TCP was similar to that of Cerasorb M (CM)—a commercially available β-TCP bone filler—the specific surface area was roughly three times larger than that of CM. Observation by scanning electron microscopy showed that pores communicated to the inside of the Sf-TCP. Cell growth tests showed that Sf-TCP improved cell proliferation compared with CM. Cells grown on Sf-TCP showed stretched filopodia and adhered; cells migrated both to the surface and into pores. In vivo, vigorous tissue invasion into pores was observed in Sf-TCP, and more fibrous tissue was observed for Sf-TCP than CM. Moreover, capillary formation into pores was observed for Sf-TCP. Thus, Sf-TCP showed excellent biocompatibility in vitro and more vigorous bone formation in vivo, indicating the possible applications of this material as a bone substitute. In addition, our findings suggested that mimicking the microstructure derived from whole organisms may facilitate the development of superior artificial bone. View Full-Text
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Ishida, H.; Haniu, H.; Takeuchi, A.; Ueda, K.; Sano, M.; Tanaka, M.; Takizawa, T.; Sobajima, A.; Kamanaka, T.; Saito, N. In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of Starfish Bone-Derived β-Tricalcium Phosphate as a Bone Substitute Material. Materials 2019, 12, 1881.
Ishida H, Haniu H, Takeuchi A, Ueda K, Sano M, Tanaka M, Takizawa T, Sobajima A, Kamanaka T, Saito N. In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of Starfish Bone-Derived β-Tricalcium Phosphate as a Bone Substitute Material. Materials. 2019; 12(11):1881.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ishida, Haruka; Haniu, Hisao; Takeuchi, Akari; Ueda, Katsuya; Sano, Mahoko; Tanaka, Manabu; Takizawa, Takashi; Sobajima, Atsushi; Kamanaka, Takayuki; Saito, Naoto. 2019. "In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of Starfish Bone-Derived β-Tricalcium Phosphate as a Bone Substitute Material." Materials 12, no. 11: 1881.
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