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Open AccessArticle

Using the Steady-State Chloride Migration Test to Evaluate the Self-Healing Capacity of Cracked Mortars Containing Crystalline, Expansive, and Swelling Admixtures

1
Department of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Systems Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) 2066, Seobu-ro, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 16419, Korea
2
Graduate School of Transportation, Korea National University of Transportation, 157, Chuldo-bangmulgwan-ro, Uiwang, Gyeonggi-do 16106, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(11), 1865; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12111865
Received: 12 May 2019 / Revised: 2 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 June 2019 / Published: 9 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Self-Healing and Smart Cementitious Construction Materials)
Interest in self-healing-crack technologies for cement-based materials has been growing, but research into such materials remains in the early stage of development and standardized methods for evaluating healing capacity have not yet been established. Therefore, this study proposes a test method to evaluate the self-healing capacity of cement-based materials in terms of their resistance to chloride penetration. For this purpose, the steady-state chloride migration test has been used to measure the diffusion coefficients of cracked mortar specimens containing crystalline, expansive, and swelling admixtures. The results of the present study show that the time to reach a quasi-steady-state decreased and the diffusion coefficients increased as the potential increased because of the potential drop inside the migration cell and self-healing that occurred during the test. Therefore, use of a high potential is recommended to minimize the test duration, as long as the temperature does not rise too much during the test. Using this test method, the self-healing capacity of the new self-healing technologies can be evaluated, and an index of self-healing capacity is proposed based on the rate of charged chloride ions passing through a crack. View Full-Text
Keywords: chloride; concrete; crack; mortar; self-healing; steady-state migration chloride; concrete; crack; mortar; self-healing; steady-state migration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abro, F.R.; Buller, A.S.; Lee, K.-M.; Jang, S.Y. Using the Steady-State Chloride Migration Test to Evaluate the Self-Healing Capacity of Cracked Mortars Containing Crystalline, Expansive, and Swelling Admixtures. Materials 2019, 12, 1865.

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