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Open AccessArticle

An X-ray Tomographic Study of Rechargeable Zn/MnO2 Batteries

Institute of Material Science and Technologies, Technical University Berlin, Hardenbergstraße 36, 10623 Berlin, Germany
Helmholtz-Centre Berlin for Materials and Energy GmbH, Hahn-Meitner-Platz 1, 14109 Berlin, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(9), 1486;
Received: 28 July 2018 / Revised: 15 August 2018 / Accepted: 17 August 2018 / Published: 21 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue In-Situ X-Ray Tomographic Study of Materials)
We present non-destructive and non-invasive in operando X-ray tomographic investigations of the charge and discharge behavior of rechargeable alkaline-manganese (RAM) batteries (Zn-MnO2 batteries). Changes in the three-dimensional structure of the zinc anode and the MnO2 cathode material after several charge/discharge cycles were analyzed. Battery discharge leads to a decrease in the zinc particle sizes, revealing a layer-by-layer dissolving behavior. During charging, the particles grow again to almost their initial size and shape. After several cycles, the particles sizes slowly decrease until most of the particles become smaller than the spatial resolution of the tomography. Furthermore, the number of cracks in the MnO2 bulk continuously increases and the separator changes its shape. The results are compared to the behavior of a conventional primary cell that was also charged and discharged several times. View Full-Text
Keywords: alkaline manganese batteries; X-ray tomography; in operando; in situ; zinc powder alkaline manganese batteries; X-ray tomography; in operando; in situ; zinc powder
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MDPI and ACS Style

Osenberg, M.; Manke, I.; Hilger, A.; Kardjilov, N.; Banhart, J. An X-ray Tomographic Study of Rechargeable Zn/MnO2 Batteries. Materials 2018, 11, 1486.

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