Next Article in Journal
Tool Wear Mechanism in Cutting of Stack CFRP/UNS A97075
Next Article in Special Issue
Design Optimization of SBS-Modified Asphalt Mixture Reinforced with Eco-Friendly Basalt Fiber Based on Response Surface Methodology
Previous Article in Journal
Enhancement Mechanism of the Dynamic Strength of Concrete Based on the Energy Principle
Previous Article in Special Issue
Enhancement of Dynamic Damping in Eco-Friendly Railway Concrete Sleepers Using Waste-Tyre Crumb Rubber
Open AccessArticle

The Wastes of Sanitary Ceramics as Recycling Aggregate to Special Concretes

The Main School of Fire Service, Faculty of Fire Safety Engineering, 52/54 Słowackiego Str., 01-629 Warszawa, Poland
Lublin University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 40 Nadbystrzycka Str., 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(8), 1275;
Received: 22 May 2018 / Revised: 13 July 2018 / Accepted: 16 July 2018 / Published: 24 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment-Friendly Construction Materials)
This article presents the results of research on the wastes of sanitary ceramics as an aggregate to concretes. The case of high temperature load was taken into account. Six concrete mixes were designed on Portland and calcium aluminate cement with various content of aerating admixture. Only the ground waste ceramics were used as an aggregate from one of the Polish sanitary ceramics plants. The abrasion test by Boehme blade of the designed concrete was conducted within the frame of study and compression strength tests on the cylindrical samples were performed as well. Some samples were initially annealed at 400 or 800 °C prior to strength tests. In order to determine the impact of annealing on the phase content and the concrete sample structure, the analyses on phase content (XRD—X-ray diffraction) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were conducted. The tests on compression strength demonstrated that there is considerable resistance of concrete containing ceramic aggregate and calcium aluminate cement to high temperatures. Abrasion tests confirmed that selected mixes have a high resistance to abrasion and they can be applied as a concrete coating. The possibility of ceramic cullet use as an aggregate to special concretes has been confirmed by the conducted research on specific features. Taking into consideration the available literature, the article presents widely conducted research in the area of the internal structure of concrete designed on the basis of recycled ceramic aggregate, the phase content of individual components, and basic mechanical tests both in normal temperatures and under thermal stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: recycling; sanitary ceramics; concrete; recycling aggregate recycling; sanitary ceramics; concrete; recycling aggregate
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ogrodnik, P.; Szulej, J.; Franus, W. The Wastes of Sanitary Ceramics as Recycling Aggregate to Special Concretes. Materials 2018, 11, 1275.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop