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Materials 2018, 11(7), 1138; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11071138

Reliability of Orthodontic Miniscrews: Bending and Maximum Load of Different Ti-6Al-4V Titanium and Stainless Steel Temporary Anchorage Devices (TADs)

1
Unit of Orthodontics and Paediatric Dentistry, Section of Dentistry, Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic and Paediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
2
Orthodontic Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35511, Egypt
3
Section of Statistics, Department of Brain and Behavioural Sciences, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2018 / Revised: 25 June 2018 / Accepted: 3 July 2018 / Published: 5 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from the 3rd International E-Conference on Materials)
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Abstract

Temporary anchorage devices (TADs) have been introduced into orthodontic clinical practice in order to allow tooth movements while avoiding strain on adjacent teeth. Miniscrews are available in the market with different diameters and materials. Accordingly, the purpose of the present report was to measure and compare the forces to bend and fracture different mini implants. Ti-6Al-4V titanium and stainless steel TADs of different manufacturers (Spider ScrewHDC; Mini Implants–Leone; Benefit–Orteam; Storm–Kristal) were evaluated. Two different diameters (1.5 mm and 2.0 mm) were tested. The sample included 10 unused specimens for each group, blocked in an Instron Universal Testing Machine, and a shear load was applied at the neck of the miniscrew. The force to bend the miniscrew was measured at 0.1 mm and 0.2 mm deflections. Also, the maximum force before screw fracture was recorded. Data were submitted for statistical analysis. Results showed significantly higher forces for 2.0 mm than 1.5 mm screws, both at 0.1 mm and 0.2 mm deflections and at maximum load. Moreover, no significant differences were reported between titanium and stainless steel miniscrews of equal diameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: anchorage; bend; dentistry; fracture; implant; load; miniscrew; orthodontics; shear anchorage; bend; dentistry; fracture; implant; load; miniscrew; orthodontics; shear
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Scribante, A.; Montasser, M.A.; Radwan, E.S.; Bernardinelli, L.; Alcozer, R.; Gandini, P.; Sfondrini, M.F. Reliability of Orthodontic Miniscrews: Bending and Maximum Load of Different Ti-6Al-4V Titanium and Stainless Steel Temporary Anchorage Devices (TADs). Materials 2018, 11, 1138.

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