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Current and Emerging Approaches to Engineer Antibacterial and Antifouling Electrospun Nanofibers

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003-9303, USA
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Materials 2018, 11(7), 1059; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11071059
Received: 29 May 2018 / Revised: 18 June 2018 / Accepted: 19 June 2018 / Published: 22 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrospun Materials 2018)
From ship hulls to bandages, biological fouling is a ubiquitous problem that impacts a wide range of industries and requires complex engineered solutions. Eliciting materials to have antibacterial or antifouling properties describes two main approaches to delay biofouling by killing or repelling bacteria, respectively. In this review article, we discuss how electrospun nanofiber mats are blank canvases that can be tailored to have controlled interactions with biologics, which would improve the design of intelligent conformal coatings or freestanding meshes that deliver targeted antimicrobials or cause bacteria to slip off surfaces. Firstly, we will briefly discuss the established and emerging technologies for addressing biofouling through antibacterial and antifouling surface engineering, and then highlight the recent advances in incorporating these strategies into electrospun nanofibers. These strategies highlight the potential for engineering electrospun nanofibers to solicit specific microbial responses for human health and environmental applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: anti-bio adhesion; antifouling; antibacterial; bio-interfaces; hierarchical nanofibers; nanofibers electrospinning; electrospun materials; self-cleaning fabrics anti-bio adhesion; antifouling; antibacterial; bio-interfaces; hierarchical nanofibers; nanofibers electrospinning; electrospun materials; self-cleaning fabrics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kurtz, I.S.; Schiffman, J.D. Current and Emerging Approaches to Engineer Antibacterial and Antifouling Electrospun Nanofibers. Materials 2018, 11, 1059.

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Materials, EISSN 1996-1944, Published by MDPI AG
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