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Initial Self-Healing Temperatures of Asphalt Mastics Based on Flow Behavior Index

State Key Laboratory of Silicate Materials for Architectures, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(6), 917;
Received: 3 April 2018 / Revised: 18 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 May 2018 / Published: 29 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environment-Friendly Construction Materials)
PDF [16304 KB, uploaded 29 May 2018]


Increasing temperature is a simple and convenient method to accelerate the self-healing process of bitumen. However, bitumen may not achieve the healing capability at lower temperature, and may be aged if temperature is too high. In addition, the bitumen is mixed with mineral filler and formed as asphalt mastic in asphalt concrete, so it is more accurate to study the initial self-healing from the perspective of asphalt mastic. The primary purpose of this research was to examine the initial self-healing temperature of asphalt mastic, which was determined by the flow behavior index obtained from the flow characteristics. Firstly, the texture and geometry characteristics of two fillers were analyzed, and then the initial self-healing temperature of nine types of asphalt mastic, pure bitumen (PB) and styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) modified bitumen were determined by the flow behavior index. Results demonstrate that the average standard deviation of gray-scale texture value of limestone filler (LF) is 21.24% lower than that of steel slag filler (SSF), showing that the steel slag filler has a better particle distribution and geometry characteristics. Also the initial self-healing temperatures of asphalt mastics with 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 LF-PB volume ratio are 46.5 °C, 47.2 °C and 49.4 °C, which are 1.4 °C, 0.8 °C and 0.4 °C higher than that of asphalt mastics with SSF-PB, but not suitable for the evaluation of asphalt mastic contained SBS modified bitumen because of unique structure and performance of SBS. View Full-Text
Keywords: initial self-healing temperature; asphalt mastic; flow behavior index; steel slag; limestone initial self-healing temperature; asphalt mastic; flow behavior index; steel slag; limestone

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Li, C.; Wu, S.; Tao, G.; Xiao, Y. Initial Self-Healing Temperatures of Asphalt Mastics Based on Flow Behavior Index. Materials 2018, 11, 917.

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