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Materials 2018, 11(6), 896;

In Situ Room Temperature Electron-Beam Driven Graphene Growth from Hydrocarbon Contamination in a Transmission Electron Microscope

Key Laboratory of Advanced Carbon Materials and Wearable Energy Technologies of Jiangsu Province, Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow Institute for Energy and Materials InnovationS, College of Physics, Optoelectronics and Energy, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Curie-Sklodowskiej 34, Zabrze 41-819, Poland
IFW Dresden, D-01171 Dresden, Germany
College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Center for Nanochemistry, Beijing Science and Engineering Centre for Nanocarbons, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 May 2018 / Revised: 18 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 26 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Nanomaterials: Graphene, Nanoribbons and Quantum dots)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3275 KB, uploaded 26 May 2018]   |  


The excitement of graphene (as well as 2D materials in general) has generated numerous procedures for the fabrication of graphene. Here we present a mini-review on a rather less known, but attractive, in situ means to fabricate graphene inside a transmission electron microscope (TEM). This is achieved in a conventional TEM (viz. no sophisticated specimen holders or microscopes are required) and takes advantage of inherent hydrocarbon contamination as a carbon source. Both catalyst free and single atom catalyst approaches are reviewed. An advantage of this technique is that not only can the growth process be imaged in situ, but this can also be achieved with atomic resolution. Moreover, in the future, one can anticipate such approaches enabling the growth of nano-materials with atomic precision. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene; in situ TEM; synthesis graphene; in situ TEM; synthesis

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Rummeli, M.H.; Pan, Y.; Zhao, L.; Gao, J.; Ta, H.Q.; Martinez, I.G.; Mendes, R.G.; Gemming, T.; Fu, L.; Bachmatiuk, A.; Liu, Z. In Situ Room Temperature Electron-Beam Driven Graphene Growth from Hydrocarbon Contamination in a Transmission Electron Microscope. Materials 2018, 11, 896.

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