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Open AccessArticle

Control of the Nucleation Density of Molybdenum Disulfide in Large-Scale Synthesis Using Chemical Vapor Deposition

1
College of Electronic Engineering, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(6), 870; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11060870
Received: 28 April 2018 / Revised: 17 May 2018 / Accepted: 20 May 2018 / Published: 23 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in 2D Nanomaterials)
Atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is presently a promising approach for preparing two-dimensional (2D) MoS2 crystals at high temperatures on SiO2/Si substrates. In this work, we propose an improved CVD method without hydrogen, which can increase formula flexibility by controlling the heating temperature of MoO3 powder and sulfur powder. The results show that the size and coverage of MoS2 domains vary largely, from discrete triangles to continuous film, on substrate. We find that the formation of MoS2 domains is dependent on the nucleation density of MoS2. Laminar flow theory is employed to elucidate the cause of the different shapes of MoS2 domains. The distribution of carrier gas speeds at the substrate surface leads to a change of nucleation density and a variation of domain morphology. Thus, nucleation density and domain morphology can be actively controlled by adjusting the carrier gas flow rate in the experimental system. These results are of significance for understanding the growth regulation of 2D MoS2 crystals. View Full-Text
Keywords: 2D MoS2 crystal; chemical vapor deposition; nucleation density; carrier gas flow rate 2D MoS2 crystal; chemical vapor deposition; nucleation density; carrier gas flow rate
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Xu, H.; Zhou, W.; Zheng, X.; Huang, J.; Feng, X.; Ye, L.; Xu, G.; Lin, F. Control of the Nucleation Density of Molybdenum Disulfide in Large-Scale Synthesis Using Chemical Vapor Deposition. Materials 2018, 11, 870.

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