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Chemically Surface Tunable Solubility Parameter for Controllable Drug Delivery—An Example and Perspective from Hollow PAA-Coated Magnetite Nanoparticles with R6G Model Drug

School of Life Science and Chemistry, Hunan University of Technology, Zhuzhou 412007, China
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Those authors contributed equally to this work.
Materials 2018, 11(2), 247; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11020247
Received: 17 January 2018 / Revised: 30 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 February 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Advanced Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology)
Solubility parameter-dependent drug releasing property is essential in practical drug delivery systems (DDS), and how to combine magnetic nanoparticles(NPs) and suitable polymer coating towards DDS is always a crucial and valuable challenge in biomedical application. Herein, a controllable drug delivery model with a surface having a chemically tunable solubility parameter is presented using hollow magnetite/polyacrylic acid (Fe3O4/PAA) nanocomposites as nanocarrier towards DDS. This composite is prepared by simply coating the modified hollow Fe3O4 with PAA. The coating amount of PAA onto the surface of Fe3O4 (measured by TGA) is about 40% (w/w). Then, Rhodamine 6G (R6G) is selected as model drug in drug delivery experiment. The efficiency of drug loading and drug release of these Fe3O4/PAA nanocarriers are evaluated under various temperature, solvent and pH values. As a result, the best drug releasing rate was achieved as 93.0% in pH = 7.4 PBS solution after 14 h. The releasing efficiency is 86.5% in acidic condition, while a lower releasing rate (30.0%) is obtained in aqueous solution, as different forms (polyacrylic acid and polyacrylate) of PAA present different solubility parameters, causing different salt and acid effects in various solvents, swelling property of PAA, and binding force between PAA and R6G. Therefore, by changing the solubility parameter of coating polymers, the drug delivery properties could be effectively tuned. These findings prove that the DDS based on magnetic particle cores and polymer encapsulation could efficiently regulate the drug delivery properties by tuning surface solubility parameter in potential cancer targeting and therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: hollow Fe3O4 NPs; Fe3O4/PAA composite NPs; solubility parameter; controlled release; drug delivery systems hollow Fe3O4 NPs; Fe3O4/PAA composite NPs; solubility parameter; controlled release; drug delivery systems
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He, Q.; Liu, J.; Liang, J.; Liu, X.; Tuo, D.; Li, W. Chemically Surface Tunable Solubility Parameter for Controllable Drug Delivery—An Example and Perspective from Hollow PAA-Coated Magnetite Nanoparticles with R6G Model Drug. Materials 2018, 11, 247.

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