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Materials 2018, 11(10), 1855; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11101855

Crystal Plasticity Modeling of Anisotropic Hardening and Texture Due to Dislocation Transmutation in Twinning

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
2
Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
3
Laboratory of Excellence on Design of Alloy Metals for Low-Mass Structures (DAMAS), Université de Lorraine, 57045 Metz, France
4
Laboratoire d’Etude des Microstructures et de Mécanique des Matériaux (LEM3), CNRS UMR 7239, Université de Lorraine, 57045 Metz, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 10 September 2018 / Accepted: 15 September 2018 / Published: 28 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Design of Alloy Metals for Low-Mass Structures)
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Abstract

In crystalline materials, dislocations are three-dimensional lattice distortions that systematically distort twin interfaces that they encounter. This results in dislocation dissociation events and changes in the atomic structure of the interface. The manner in which the interface distorts drive the product of the dissociation event, and consequently, the incident dislocation core and the magnitude and relative direction of the Burgers vector govern these slip-twin interaction phenomena. Recent characterization studies using transmission electron microscopy as well as advanced molecular dynamic simulations have shown that slip dislocations, whether striking or struck by a {10 1 ¯ 2} twin boundary, dissociate into a combination of twinning disconnections, interfacial disclinations (facets), jogs, and other types of dislocations engulfed inside the twin domains, called transmuted dislocations. While twinning disconnections were found to promote twin propagation, the dislocations incorporated inside the twin are of considerable importance to hardening and damage initiation as they more significantly obstruct slip dislocations accommodating plasticity of the twins. In this work, the dislocation transmutation event and its effect on hardening is captured using a dislocation density based hardening model contained in a visco-plastic self-consistent mean-field model. This is done by allowing the twins to increase their dislocation densities, not only by virtue of slip inside the twin, but also through dislocations that transmute from the parents as the twin volume fraction increases. A correspondence matrix rule is used to determine the type of converted dislocations while tracking and parameterizing their evolution. This hypothesis provides a modeling framework for capturing slip-twin interactions. The model is used to simulate the mechanical response of pure Mg and provides a more physically based approach for modeling stress-strain behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesium; twinning; hardening; dislocations; crystal plasticity; self consistent methods; modeling; simulation magnesium; twinning; hardening; dislocations; crystal plasticity; self consistent methods; modeling; simulation
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Allen, R.M.; Toth, L.S.; Oppedal, A.L.; El Kadiri, H. Crystal Plasticity Modeling of Anisotropic Hardening and Texture Due to Dislocation Transmutation in Twinning. Materials 2018, 11, 1855.

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