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Hole-Transporting Materials for Printable Perovskite Solar Cells

Laboratory of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Tampere University of Technology, P.O. Box 541, FI-33101 Tampere, Finland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2017, 10(9), 1087;
Received: 19 August 2017 / Revised: 6 September 2017 / Accepted: 12 September 2017 / Published: 15 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Highly Ordered Organic Thin Films)
PDF [7590 KB, uploaded 15 September 2017]


Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) represent undoubtedly the most significant breakthrough in photovoltaic technology since the 1970s, with an increase in their power conversion efficiency from less than 5% to over 22% in just a few years. Hole-transporting materials (HTMs) are an essential building block of PSC architectures. Currently, 2,2’,7,7’-tetrakis-(N,N’-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)-9,9’-spirobifluorene), better known as spiro-OMeTAD, is the most widely-used HTM to obtain high-efficiency devices. However, it is a tremendously expensive material with mediocre hole carrier mobility. To ensure wide-scale application of PSC-based technologies, alternative HTMs are being proposed. Solution-processable HTMs are crucial to develop inexpensive, high-throughput and printable large-area PSCs. In this review, we present the most recent advances in the design and development of different types of HTMs, with a particular focus on mesoscopic PSCs. Finally, we outline possible future research directions for further optimization of the HTMs to achieve low-cost, stable and large-area PSCs. View Full-Text
Keywords: perovskite solar cells; hole-transporting material; printable; small-molecule; polymer; inorganic; hybrid perovskite solar cells; hole-transporting material; printable; small-molecule; polymer; inorganic; hybrid

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Vivo, P.; Salunke, J.K.; Priimagi, A. Hole-Transporting Materials for Printable Perovskite Solar Cells. Materials 2017, 10, 1087.

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