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Open AccessArticle

Synthesis and Properties of Carbon Nanotube-Grafted Silica Nanoarchitecture-Reinforced Poly(Lactic Acid)

1
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National University of Kaohsiung, No. 700, Kaohsiung University Road, Nan-Tzu Dist., Kaohsiung 811, Taiwan
2
Department of Electronic Engineering, Kao Yuan University, Kaohsiung 821, Taiwan
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, National University of Kaohsiung, No. 700, Kaohsiung University Road, Nan-Tzu Dist., Kaohsiung 811, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2017, 10(7), 829; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10070829
Received: 4 May 2017 / Revised: 3 July 2017 / Accepted: 17 July 2017 / Published: 19 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Material Related Papers from ICI2016)
A novel nanoarchitecture-reinforced poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanocomposite was prepared using multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-grafted silica nanohybrids as reinforcements. MWCNT-grafted silica nanohybrids were synthesized by the generation of silica nanoparticles on the MWCNT surface through the sol-gel technique. This synthetic method involves organo-modified MWCNTs that are dispersed in tetrahydrofuran, which incorporates tetraethoxysilane that undergoes an ultrasonic sol-gel process. Gelation yielded highly dispersed silica on the organo-modified MWCNTs. The structure and properties of the nanohybrids were established using 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance, Raman spectroscopy, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, and transmission electron microscopy. The resulting MWCNT nanoarchitectures were covalently assembled into silica nanoparticles, which exhibited specific and controllable morphologies and were used to reinforce biodegradable PLA. The tensile strength and the heat deflection temperature (HDT) of the PLA/MWCNT-grafted silica nanocomposites increased when the MWCNT-grafted silica was applied to the PLA matrix; by contrast, the surface resistivity of the PLA/MWCNT-grafted silica nanocomposites appeared to decline as the amount of MWCNT-grafted silica in the PLA matrix increased. Overall, the reinforcement of PLA using MWCNT-grafted silica nanoarchitectures was efficient and improved its mechanical properties, heat resistance, and electrical resistivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoarchitecture; poly(lactic acid) (PLA); nanocomposite; multi-walled carbon nanotube; silica; nanohybrid nanoarchitecture; poly(lactic acid) (PLA); nanocomposite; multi-walled carbon nanotube; silica; nanohybrid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hsu, Y.-W.; Wu, C.-C.; Wu, S.-M.; Su, C.-C. Synthesis and Properties of Carbon Nanotube-Grafted Silica Nanoarchitecture-Reinforced Poly(Lactic Acid). Materials 2017, 10, 829.

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