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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Solidification Behavior on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Ni-Cr-Fe Superalloy Investment Casting

1
Shanghai Key Lab of Advanced High-Temperature Materials and Precision Forming, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
3
Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Ship and Deep-Sea Exploration, Shanghai 200240, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michael Zinigrad, Konstantin Borodianskiy and Daolun Chen
Materials 2017, 10(3), 250; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10030250
Received: 11 January 2017 / Revised: 8 February 2017 / Accepted: 24 February 2017 / Published: 1 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Welding, Joining and Casting of Advanced Materials)
The effect of solidification behavior on the microstructures and mechanical properties of Ni-Cr-Fe superalloy investment casting is given. Metallographic and image analysis have been used to quantitatively examine the microstructures’ evolution. For the parts with the thickness of 3 mm and 24 mm, the volume fraction and maximum equivalent radius of the Laves phase increases from 0.3% to 1.2%, from 11.7 μm to 23.4 μm, respectively. Meanwhile, the volume fraction and maximum equivalent radius of carbides increase from 0.3% to 0.5%, from 8.1 μm to 9.9 μm, respectively. In addition, the volume fraction of microporosity increases from 0.3% to 2.7%. As a result, the ultimate tensile strength is reduced from 1125.5 MPa to 820.9 MPa, the elongation from 13.3% to 7.7%, and the quality index from 1294.2 MPa to 954.0 MPa, respectively. A typical brittle fracture is observed on the tensile fracture. As the cooling rate decreases, the microstructures become coarser. View Full-Text
Keywords: solidification behavior; Ni-Cr-Fe superalloy; microstructures; mechanical properties solidification behavior; Ni-Cr-Fe superalloy; microstructures; mechanical properties
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Kang, M.; Wang, J.; Gao, H.; Han, Y.; Wang, G.; He, S. Effect of Solidification Behavior on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Ni-Cr-Fe Superalloy Investment Casting. Materials 2017, 10, 250.

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