Next Article in Journal
Advances in the Fabrication of Antimicrobial Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications
Next Article in Special Issue
Upscaling Cement Paste Microstructure to Obtain the Fracture, Shear, and Elastic Concrete Mechanical LDPM Parameters
Previous Article in Journal
Textural, Structural and Biological Evaluation of Hydroxyapatite Doped with Zinc at Low Concentrations
Previous Article in Special Issue
Mesoscale Characterization of Fracture Properties of Steel Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Using a Lattice–Particle Model
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2017, 10(3), 231;

Lattice Modeling of Early-Age Behavior of Structural Concrete

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
School of Civil Engineering, University of Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Erik Schlangen
Received: 27 December 2016 / Revised: 12 February 2017 / Accepted: 18 February 2017 / Published: 25 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Numerical Analysis of Concrete using Discrete Elements)
Full-Text   |   PDF [5372 KB, uploaded 28 February 2017]   |  


The susceptibility of structural concrete to early-age cracking depends on material composition, methods of processing, structural boundary conditions, and a variety of environmental factors. Computational modeling offers a means for identifying primary factors and strategies for reducing cracking potential. Herein, lattice models are shown to be adept at simulating the thermal-hygral-mechanical phenomena that influence early-age cracking. In particular, this paper presents a lattice-based approach that utilizes a model of cementitious materials hydration to control the development of concrete properties, including stiffness, strength, and creep resistance. The approach is validated and used to simulate early-age cracking in concrete bridge decks. Structural configuration plays a key role in determining the magnitude and distribution of stresses caused by volume instabilities of the concrete material. Under restrained conditions, both thermal and hygral effects are found to be primary contributors to cracking potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: lattice models; durability mechanics; early-age behavior; concrete; solidification theory; cement hydration lattice models; durability mechanics; early-age behavior; concrete; solidification theory; cement hydration

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Pan, Y.; Prado, A.; Porras, R.; Hafez, O.M.; Bolander, J.E. Lattice Modeling of Early-Age Behavior of Structural Concrete. Materials 2017, 10, 231.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top