A Statistical Framework for Automatic Leakage Detection in Smart Water and Gas Grids
AbstractIn the last few years, due to the technological improvement of advanced metering infrastructures, water and natural gas grids can be regarded as smart-grids, similarly to power ones. However, considering the number of studies related to the application of computational intelligence to distribution grids, the gap between power grids and water/gas grids is notably wide. For this purpose, in this paper, a framework for leakage identification is presented. The framework is composed of three sections aimed at the extraction and the selection of features and at the detection of leakages. A variation of the Sequential Feature Selection (SFS) algorithm is used to select the best performing features within a set, including, also, innovative temporal ones. The leakage identification is based on novelty detection and exploits the characterization of a normality model. Three statistical approaches, The Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM), Hidden Markov Model (HMM) and One-Class Support Vector Machine (OC-SVM), are adopted, under a comparative perspective. Both residential and office building environments are investigated by means of two datasets. One is the Almanac of Minutely Power dataset (AMPds), and it provides water and gas data consumption at 1, 10 and 30 min of time resolution; the other is the Department of International Development (DFID) dataset, and it provides water and gas data consumption at 30 min of time resolution. The achieved performance, computed by means of the Area Under the Curve (AUC), reaches
Share & Cite This Article
Fagiani, M.; Squartini, S.; Gabrielli, L.; Severini, M.; Piazza, F. A Statistical Framework for Automatic Leakage Detection in Smart Water and Gas Grids. Energies 2016, 9, 665.
Fagiani M, Squartini S, Gabrielli L, Severini M, Piazza F. A Statistical Framework for Automatic Leakage Detection in Smart Water and Gas Grids. Energies. 2016; 9(9):665.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fagiani, Marco; Squartini, Stefano; Gabrielli, Leonardo; Severini, Marco; Piazza, Francesco. 2016. "A Statistical Framework for Automatic Leakage Detection in Smart Water and Gas Grids." Energies 9, no. 9: 665.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.