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Considerations on Potentials, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy Performance of Biofuels Based on Forest Residues for Heavy-Duty Road Transport in Sweden
Article

The Future Role of Forest-Based Biofuels: Industrial Impacts in the Nordic Countries

1
Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, P.O. Box 5003, NO-1432 Ås, Norway
2
BI Norwegian Business School, Nydalsveien 37, 0484 Oslo, Norway
3
SINTEF Energy Research, 7465 Trondheim, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Idiano D’Adamo 
Energies 2021, 14(8), 2073; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082073
Received: 1 March 2021 / Revised: 26 March 2021 / Accepted: 30 March 2021 / Published: 8 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue European Biofuel Production, Conversion and Economics)
This study applies a partial equilibrium forest sector model to analyse the impacts of biofuel deployment for road transport in the Nordic countries, when alternative use of the biomass resources and transport sector electrification are considered. We foresee a strong electrification of the transport sector, resulting in a demand for biofuels of approximately 2.5 billion L in 2035 and 1 billion L in 2050 in a 100% fossil-free base scenario. The simultaneous increase in demand from pulping industries and biofuel will cause an overall increase in wood use, of which the biofuels share will constitute approximately 20–25%. The utilization of harvest residues will increase more than 300% compared to the current level, since biofuel production will reallocate some of the current raw material used in district heating. Biofuel consumption in road transport will likely reduce after 2040 due to increasing electrification, but it is plausible that the declining domestic demand will be replaced by increasing demand from international biofuel markets in aviation and shipping. The main uncertainties in the scenarios are the future costs and profitability of forest-based biofuel technologies and the public acceptance of the close to 100 TWh of new renewable electricity production needed for the electrification of Nordic road transport. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofuel; forest sector model; partial equilibrium; harvest residues biofuel; forest sector model; partial equilibrium; harvest residues
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ogner Jåstad, E.; Folsland Bolkesjø, T.; Rørstad, P.K.; Midttun, A.; Sandquist, J.; Trømborg, E. The Future Role of Forest-Based Biofuels: Industrial Impacts in the Nordic Countries. Energies 2021, 14, 2073. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082073

AMA Style

Ogner Jåstad E, Folsland Bolkesjø T, Rørstad PK, Midttun A, Sandquist J, Trømborg E. The Future Role of Forest-Based Biofuels: Industrial Impacts in the Nordic Countries. Energies. 2021; 14(8):2073. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082073

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ogner Jåstad, Eirik, Torjus Folsland Bolkesjø, Per K. Rørstad, Atle Midttun, Judit Sandquist, and Erik Trømborg. 2021. "The Future Role of Forest-Based Biofuels: Industrial Impacts in the Nordic Countries" Energies 14, no. 8: 2073. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082073

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