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Article

Analysis of the Head of a Simulation Crash Test Dummy with Speed Motion

1
Department of Automotive Engineering and Transport, Kielce University of Technology, Avenue Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 7, 25-314 Kielce, Poland
2
Institute of Vehicles, Warsaw University of Technology, 02-524 Warsaw, Poland
3
Globtrak Polska Sp. z.o.o., ul. Wincentego Witosa 65/2, 25-561 Kielce, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chunhua Liu
Energies 2021, 14(5), 1476; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051476
Received: 15 January 2021 / Revised: 24 February 2021 / Accepted: 2 March 2021 / Published: 8 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicle and Traffic Safety)
The article presents a model of an anthropometric dummy designed for low velocity crash tests, designed in ADAMS. The model consists of rigid bodies connected with special joints with appropriately selected stiffness and damping. The simulation dummy has the appropriate dimensions, shape, and mass of individual elements to suit a 50 percentile male. The purpose of this article is to draw attention to low speed crash tests. Current dummies such as THOR and Hybrid III are used for crash tests at speeds above 40 km/h. In contrast, the low-speed test dummy currently used is the BioRID-II dummy, which is mainly adapted to the whiplash test at speeds of up to 16km/h. Thus, it can be seen that there is a gap in the use of crash test dummies. There are no low-speed dummies for side and front crash tests, and there are no dummies for rear crash tests between 16 km/h and 25 km/h. Which corresponds to a collision of a passenger vehicle with a hard obstacle at a speed of 30 km/h. Therefore, in collisions with low speeds of 20 km/h, the splash airbag will probably not be activated. The article contains the results of a computer simulation at a speed of 20 km/h vehicle out in the ADAMS program. These results were compared with the experimental results of the laboratory crash test using volunteers and the Hybrid III dummy. The simulation results are the basis for building the physical model dummy. The simulation aims to reflect the greatest possible compliance of the movements of individual parts of the human body during a collision at low speed. View Full-Text
Keywords: computer simulation; dummy; crash test computer simulation; dummy; crash test
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jaśkiewicz, M.; Frej, D.; Matej, J.; Chaba, R. Analysis of the Head of a Simulation Crash Test Dummy with Speed Motion. Energies 2021, 14, 1476. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051476

AMA Style

Jaśkiewicz M, Frej D, Matej J, Chaba R. Analysis of the Head of a Simulation Crash Test Dummy with Speed Motion. Energies. 2021; 14(5):1476. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051476

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jaśkiewicz, Marek, Damian Frej, Jan Matej, and Rafał Chaba. 2021. "Analysis of the Head of a Simulation Crash Test Dummy with Speed Motion" Energies 14, no. 5: 1476. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051476

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