Next Article in Journal
Pyrolysis of Municipal Sewage Sludge to Investigate Char and Phosphorous Yield together with Heavy-Metal Removal—Experimental and by Thermodynamic Calculations
Next Article in Special Issue
Impact of Control System Model Parameters on the Obstacle Avoidance by an Autonomous Car-Trailer Unit: Research Results
Previous Article in Journal
Integrated Performance Optimization of Higher Education Buildings Using Low-Energy Renovation Process and User Engagement

Analysis of the Head of a Simulation Crash Test Dummy with Speed Motion

Department of Automotive Engineering and Transport, Kielce University of Technology, Avenue Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 7, 25-314 Kielce, Poland
Institute of Vehicles, Warsaw University of Technology, 02-524 Warsaw, Poland
Globtrak Polska Sp. z.o.o., ul. Wincentego Witosa 65/2, 25-561 Kielce, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chunhua Liu
Energies 2021, 14(5), 1476;
Received: 15 January 2021 / Revised: 24 February 2021 / Accepted: 2 March 2021 / Published: 8 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicle and Traffic Safety)
The article presents a model of an anthropometric dummy designed for low velocity crash tests, designed in ADAMS. The model consists of rigid bodies connected with special joints with appropriately selected stiffness and damping. The simulation dummy has the appropriate dimensions, shape, and mass of individual elements to suit a 50 percentile male. The purpose of this article is to draw attention to low speed crash tests. Current dummies such as THOR and Hybrid III are used for crash tests at speeds above 40 km/h. In contrast, the low-speed test dummy currently used is the BioRID-II dummy, which is mainly adapted to the whiplash test at speeds of up to 16km/h. Thus, it can be seen that there is a gap in the use of crash test dummies. There are no low-speed dummies for side and front crash tests, and there are no dummies for rear crash tests between 16 km/h and 25 km/h. Which corresponds to a collision of a passenger vehicle with a hard obstacle at a speed of 30 km/h. Therefore, in collisions with low speeds of 20 km/h, the splash airbag will probably not be activated. The article contains the results of a computer simulation at a speed of 20 km/h vehicle out in the ADAMS program. These results were compared with the experimental results of the laboratory crash test using volunteers and the Hybrid III dummy. The simulation results are the basis for building the physical model dummy. The simulation aims to reflect the greatest possible compliance of the movements of individual parts of the human body during a collision at low speed. View Full-Text
Keywords: computer simulation; dummy; crash test computer simulation; dummy; crash test
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jaśkiewicz, M.; Frej, D.; Matej, J.; Chaba, R. Analysis of the Head of a Simulation Crash Test Dummy with Speed Motion. Energies 2021, 14, 1476.

AMA Style

Jaśkiewicz M, Frej D, Matej J, Chaba R. Analysis of the Head of a Simulation Crash Test Dummy with Speed Motion. Energies. 2021; 14(5):1476.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jaśkiewicz, Marek, Damian Frej, Jan Matej, and Rafał Chaba. 2021. "Analysis of the Head of a Simulation Crash Test Dummy with Speed Motion" Energies 14, no. 5: 1476.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop