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Review

The Contribution of Bottom-Up Energy Models to Support Policy Design of Electricity End-Use Efficiency for Residential Buildings and the Residential Sector: A Systematic Review

1
Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Science, Ave. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey 64849, NL, Mexico
2
LIRIS UMR5205, CNRS, 69621 Villeurbanne, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Carlos Henggeler Antunes and Javier Reneses
Energies 2021, 14(20), 6466; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206466
Received: 16 June 2021 / Revised: 8 August 2021 / Accepted: 24 August 2021 / Published: 10 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Electricity Demand-Side Management)
Bottom-up energy models are considered essential tools to support policy design of electricity end-use efficiency. However, in the literature, no study analyzes their contribution to support policy design of electricity end-use efficiency, the modeling techniques used to build them, and the policy instruments supported by them. This systematic review fills that gap by identifying the current capability of bottom-up energy models to support specific policy instruments. In the research, we review 192 publications from January 2015 to June 2020 to finally select 20 for further examination. The articles are analyzed quantitatively in terms of techniques, model characteristics, and applied policies. The findings of the study reveal that: (1) bottom-up energy models contribute to the support of policy design of electricity end-use efficiency with the application of specific best practices (2) bottom-up energy models do not provide a portfolio of analytical methods which constraint their capability to support policy design (3) bottom-up energy models for residential buildings have limited policy support and (4) bottom-up energy models’ design reveals a lack of inclusion of key energy efficiency metrics to support decision-making. This study’s findings can help researchers and energy modelers address these limitations and create new models following best practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy modelling; electricity efficiency; energy policy; residential buildings; households; data-driven approach energy modelling; electricity efficiency; energy policy; residential buildings; households; data-driven approach
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanchez-Escobar, M.O.; Noguez, J.; Molina-Espinosa, J.M.; Lozano-Espinosa, R.; Vargas-Solar, G. The Contribution of Bottom-Up Energy Models to Support Policy Design of Electricity End-Use Efficiency for Residential Buildings and the Residential Sector: A Systematic Review. Energies 2021, 14, 6466. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206466

AMA Style

Sanchez-Escobar MO, Noguez J, Molina-Espinosa JM, Lozano-Espinosa R, Vargas-Solar G. The Contribution of Bottom-Up Energy Models to Support Policy Design of Electricity End-Use Efficiency for Residential Buildings and the Residential Sector: A Systematic Review. Energies. 2021; 14(20):6466. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206466

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanchez-Escobar, Marlene Ofelia, Julieta Noguez, Jose Martin Molina-Espinosa, Rafael Lozano-Espinosa, and Genoveva Vargas-Solar. 2021. "The Contribution of Bottom-Up Energy Models to Support Policy Design of Electricity End-Use Efficiency for Residential Buildings and the Residential Sector: A Systematic Review" Energies 14, no. 20: 6466. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14206466

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