Short-term electricity load forecasting is key to the safe, reliable, and economical operation of power systems. An important challenge that arises with high-frequency load series, e.g., hourly load, is how to deal with the complex seasonal patterns that are present. Standard approaches suggest either removing seasonality prior to modeling or applying time series decomposition. This work proposes a hybrid approach that combines Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA)-based decomposition and Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for day-ahead hourly load forecasting. First, the trajectory matrix of the time series is constructed and decomposed into trend, oscillating, and noise components. Next, the extracted components are employed as exogenous regressors in a global forecasting model, comprising either a Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) or a Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) predictive layer. The model is further extended to include exogenous features, e.g., weather forecasts, transformed via parallel dense layers. The predictive performance is evaluated on two real-world datasets, controlling for the effect of exogenous features on predictive accuracy. The results showcase that the decomposition step improves the relative performance for ANN models, with the combination of LSTM and SAA providing the best overall performance.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.