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Article

Location of Biorefineries Based on Olive-Derived Biomass in Andalusia, Spain

1
Department of Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, Campus Las Lagunillas, Universidad de Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
2
Centre for Advanced Studies in Earth Sciences, Energy and Environment (CEACTEMA), Campus Las Lagunillas, Universidad de Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
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Centro Tecnológico Nuevo Jaén, Instituto de Innovación, Ciencia y Empresa, Ctra de Madrid Km 332, 23009 Jaén, Spain
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Department of Graphic Engineering, Design and Projects, Campus Las Lagunillas, Universidad de Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain
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Biofuels Unit, Renewable Energies Division, CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Zuorro
Energies 2021, 14(11), 3052; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14113052
Received: 22 April 2021 / Revised: 14 May 2021 / Accepted: 21 May 2021 / Published: 25 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biorefinery Based on Waste Biomass)
A biorefinery integrated process based on lignocellulosic feedstock is especially interesting in rural areas with a high density of agricultural and agro-industrial wastes, which is the case for olive crop areas and their associated industries. In the region of Andalusia, in the south of Spain, the provinces of Jaén, Córdoba and Seville accumulate more than 70% of the olive wastes generated in Spain. Therefore, the valorisation of these wastes is a matter of interest from both an environmental and a social point of view. The olive biorefinery involves a multi-product process from different raw materials: olive leaves, exhausted olive pomace, olive stones and olive tree pruning residues. Biorefinery processes associated with these wastes would allow their valorisation to produce bioenergy and high value-added renewable products. In this work, using geographic information system tools, the biomass from olive crop fields, mills and olive pomace-extracting industries, where these wastes are generated, was determined and quantified in the study area. In addition, the vulnerability of the territory was evaluated through an environmental and territorial analysis that allowed for the determination of the reception capacity of the study area. Then, information layers corresponding to the availability of the four biomass wastes, and layers corresponding to the environmental fragility of the study area were overlapped and they resulted in an overall map. This made it possible to identify the best areas for the implementation of the biorefineries based on olive-derived biomass. Finally, as an example, three zones were selected for this purpose. These locations corresponded to low fragility areas with a high availability of biomass (more than 300,000 tons/year) in a 30 km radius, which would ensure the biomass supply. View Full-Text
Keywords: olive-derived biomass; biorefinery; geographic information systems, GIS; environmental fragility olive-derived biomass; biorefinery; geographic information systems, GIS; environmental fragility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cardoza, D.; Romero, I.; Martínez, T.; Ruiz, E.; Gallego, F.J.; López-Linares, J.C.; Manzanares, P.; Castro, E. Location of Biorefineries Based on Olive-Derived Biomass in Andalusia, Spain. Energies 2021, 14, 3052. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14113052

AMA Style

Cardoza D, Romero I, Martínez T, Ruiz E, Gallego FJ, López-Linares JC, Manzanares P, Castro E. Location of Biorefineries Based on Olive-Derived Biomass in Andalusia, Spain. Energies. 2021; 14(11):3052. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14113052

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cardoza, Diego, Inmaculada Romero, Teresa Martínez, Encarnación Ruiz, Francisco J. Gallego, Juan C. López-Linares, Paloma Manzanares, and Eulogio Castro. 2021. "Location of Biorefineries Based on Olive-Derived Biomass in Andalusia, Spain" Energies 14, no. 11: 3052. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14113052

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