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Article

Performance Analysis and Comparison of a Concentrated Photovoltaic System with Different Phase Change Materials

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Central Punjab, Lahore 54782, Pakistan
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Chemical Engineering Department, Texas A&M University at Qatar, P.O. Box 23874, Doha, Qatar
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Aerosol & Particle Technology Laboratory, Chemical Process & Energy Resources Institute, Centre for Research & Technology Hellas (APTL/CPERI/CERTH), P.O. Box 60361, GR 57001 Thermi, Thessaloniki, Greece
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College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, Renewable Energy, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9FE, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alessandro Cannavale
Energies 2021, 14(10), 2911; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14102911
Received: 16 March 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 May 2021 / Published: 18 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Renewable Energy and Clean Energy)
In this work, temperature regulation and electrical output of a concentrated photovoltaic system coupled with a phase change material (CPVPCM) system is investigated and compared with a single sun crystalline photovoltaic (PV) system. A fully coupled thermal-optical-electrical model has been developed in-house to conduct the simulation studies for actual weather conditions of Doha (Qatar) and selected phase change materials (PCMs). The selected PCMs are lauric acid, RT47, S-series salt, STL47, ClimSelTM C48, RT54, RT60, RT62, and RT64. An optical concentration ratio of 20× is considered on a 15 mm wide crystalline silicon cell. The temperature evolution, thermal energy storage and electrical output of the CPVPCM system are obtained for 48-hour simulations with representative weather conditions for each month of a typical meteorological year (TMY). Results and overall thermal and electrical efficiency are compared for each PCM. In brief, the CPVPCM system with S-series salt performs better than all other PCM with an overall efficiency of 54.4%. Furthermore, this system consistently produces more power than a PV system with an equal footprint (1 m2) for each month of the TMY. View Full-Text
Keywords: concentrated photovoltaic; finite element method; overall efficiency; phase change material; thermal efficiency concentrated photovoltaic; finite element method; overall efficiency; phase change material; thermal efficiency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sarwar, J.; Shad, M.R.; Hasnain, A.; Ali, F.; Kakosimos, K.E.; Ghosh, A. Performance Analysis and Comparison of a Concentrated Photovoltaic System with Different Phase Change Materials. Energies 2021, 14, 2911. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14102911

AMA Style

Sarwar J, Shad MR, Hasnain A, Ali F, Kakosimos KE, Ghosh A. Performance Analysis and Comparison of a Concentrated Photovoltaic System with Different Phase Change Materials. Energies. 2021; 14(10):2911. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14102911

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sarwar, Jawad, Muhammad Rizwan Shad, Arshmah Hasnain, Farman Ali, Konstantinos E. Kakosimos, and Aritra Ghosh. 2021. "Performance Analysis and Comparison of a Concentrated Photovoltaic System with Different Phase Change Materials" Energies 14, no. 10: 2911. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14102911

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