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Article

Distributed Energy-Resource Design Method to Improve Energy Security in Critical Facilities †

1
Hellenic Navy, Athens, 18648 Attica, Greece
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943, USA
3
Department of Systems Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in 2020 IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2020 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe (EEEIC/I&CPS Europe), 9–12 June 2020; pp. 1–6.
Academic Editor: Emilio Gomez-Lazaro
Energies 2021, 14(10), 2773; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14102773
Received: 1 March 2021 / Revised: 29 April 2021 / Accepted: 1 May 2021 / Published: 12 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section A5: Smart Grids and Microgrids)
This paper presents a user-friendly design method for accurately sizing the distributed energy resources of a stand-alone microgrid to meet the critical load demands of a military, commercial, industrial, or residential facility when utility power is not available. The microgrid combines renewable resources such as photovoltaics (PV) with an energy-storage system to increase energy security for facilities with critical loads. The design method’s novelty complies with IEEE Standards 1562 and 1013, and addresses resilience, which is not taken into account in existing design methods. Several case studies simulated with a physics-based model validate the proposed design method and demonstrate how resilience can be included in the design process. Additionally, the design and the simulations were validated by 24 h laboratory experiments conducted on a microgrid assembled using commercial off-the-shelf components. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy security; off-grid; stand-alone; photovoltaics; solar; batteries; microgrid; distributed energy resources; IEEE Standards energy security; off-grid; stand-alone; photovoltaics; solar; batteries; microgrid; distributed energy resources; IEEE Standards
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MDPI and ACS Style

Siritoglou, P.; Oriti, G.; Van Bossuyt, D.L. Distributed Energy-Resource Design Method to Improve Energy Security in Critical Facilities. Energies 2021, 14, 2773. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14102773

AMA Style

Siritoglou P, Oriti G, Van Bossuyt DL. Distributed Energy-Resource Design Method to Improve Energy Security in Critical Facilities. Energies. 2021; 14(10):2773. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14102773

Chicago/Turabian Style

Siritoglou, Petros, Giovanna Oriti, and Douglas L. Van Bossuyt. 2021. "Distributed Energy-Resource Design Method to Improve Energy Security in Critical Facilities" Energies 14, no. 10: 2773. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14102773

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