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Review

Review of Control and Energy Management Approaches in Micro-Grid Systems

1
College of Engineering and Architecture, LERMA Lab, International University of Rabat, 11100 Sala ElJadida, Morocco
2
STIC Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, CUR“EnR&SIE”, Chouaïb Doukkali University, 24000 El Jadida, Morocco
3
Faculty of Science, Mohammed V University, 10000 Rabat, Morocco
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2021, 14(1), 168; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010168
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 8 December 2020 / Accepted: 11 December 2020 / Published: 31 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Demand Response in Smart Grids)
The demand for electricity is increased due to the development of the industry, the electrification of transport, the rise of household demand, and the increase in demand for digitally connected devices and air conditioning systems. For that, solutions and actions should be developed for greater consumers of electricity. For instance, MG (Micro-grid) buildings are one of the main consumers of electricity, and if they are correctly constructed, controlled, and operated, a significant energy saving can be attained. As a solution, hybrid RES (renewable energy source) systems are proposed, offering the possibility for simple consumers to be producers of electricity. This hybrid system contains different renewable generators connected to energy storage systems, making it possible to locally produce a part of energy in order to minimize the consumption from the utility grid. This work gives a concise state-of-the-art overview of the main control approaches for energy management in MG systems. Principally, this study is carried out in order to define the suitable control approach for MGs for energy management in buildings. A classification of approaches is also given in order to shed more light on the need for predictive control for energy management in MGs. View Full-Text
Keywords: control approaches; energy management; optimization method; objective function; control constraints control approaches; energy management; optimization method; objective function; control constraints
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MDPI and ACS Style

Elmouatamid, A.; Ouladsine, R.; Bakhouya, M.; El Kamoun, N.; Khaidar, M.; Zine-Dine, K. Review of Control and Energy Management Approaches in Micro-Grid Systems. Energies 2021, 14, 168. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010168

AMA Style

Elmouatamid A, Ouladsine R, Bakhouya M, El Kamoun N, Khaidar M, Zine-Dine K. Review of Control and Energy Management Approaches in Micro-Grid Systems. Energies. 2021; 14(1):168. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010168

Chicago/Turabian Style

Elmouatamid, Abdellatif, Radouane Ouladsine, Mohamed Bakhouya, Najib El Kamoun, Mohammed Khaidar, and Khalid Zine-Dine. 2021. "Review of Control and Energy Management Approaches in Micro-Grid Systems" Energies 14, no. 1: 168. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14010168

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