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How Is Mortality Affected by Fossil Fuel Consumption, CO2 Emissions and Economic Factors in CIS Region?

1
Faculty of World Studies, University of Tehran; Tehran 14174-14418, Iran
2
Tokai University, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa-ken 259-1292, Japan
3
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 19857-17443, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(9), 2255; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13092255
Received: 12 January 2020 / Revised: 3 April 2020 / Accepted: 18 April 2020 / Published: 4 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Policy and Negative Emissions Technologies)
It is widely discussed that GDP growth has a vague impact on environmental pollution due to carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels consumed in production, transportation, and power generation. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between economic growth, fossil fuel consumption, mortality (from cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes mellitus (DM), cancer, and chronic respiratory disease (CRD), and environmental pollution since environmental pollution can be a reason for societal mortality rate increases. This study uses the generalized method of moments (GMM) estimation technique for the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) members for the period from 1993–2018. The major results revealed that the highest variability of mortality could be explained by CO2 variability. Regarding fossil fuel consumption, the estimation proved that this variable positively affects mortality from CVD, DM, cancer, and CRD. Additionally, any improvements in the human development index (HDI) have a negative effect on mortality increases from CVD, DM, cancer, and CRD in the CIS region. It is recommended that the CIS members implement different policies to improve energy transitions, indicating movement from fossil fuel energy sources to renewable sources. Moreover, we recommend the CIS members enhance various policies for easy access to electricity from green sources and increase the renewable supply through improved technologies, sustainable economic growth, and increase the use of green sources in daily social life. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic growth; CO2 emissions; mortality rate; econometrics economic growth; CO2 emissions; mortality rate; econometrics
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Rasoulinezhad, E.; Taghizadeh-Hesary, F.; Taghizadeh-Hesary, F. How Is Mortality Affected by Fossil Fuel Consumption, CO2 Emissions and Economic Factors in CIS Region? Energies 2020, 13, 2255.

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