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Article

Kinetic Characterization of Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Apple Pomace as Feedstock for a Sugar-Based Biorefinery

1
Istituto di Ricerche sulla Combustione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 80125 Napoli, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, 80125 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(5), 1051; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051051
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 20 February 2020 / Accepted: 24 February 2020 / Published: 26 February 2020
The enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose from biomass feedstock in the sugar-based biorefinery chain is penalized by enzyme cost and difficulty to approach the theoretical maximum cellulose conversion degree. As a consequence, the process is currently investigated to identify the best operating conditions with reference to each biomass feedstock. The present work reports an investigation regarding the enzymatic hydrolysis of apple pomace (AP). AP is an agro-food waste largely available in Europe that might be exploited as a sugar source for biorefinery purposes. A biomass pre-treatment step was required before the enzymatic hydrolysis to make available polysaccharides chains to the biocatalyst. The AP samples were pre-treated through alkaline (NaOH), acid (HCl), and enzymatic (laccase) delignification processes to investigate the effect of lignin content and polysaccharides composition on enzymatic hydrolysis. Enzymatic hydrolysis tests were carried out using a commercial cocktail (Cellic®CTec2) of cellulolytic enzymes. The effect of mixing speed and biomass concentration on the experimental overall glucose production rate was assessed. The characterization of the glucose production rate by the assessment of pseudo-homogeneous kinetic models was proposed. Data were analysed to assess kinetic parameters of pseudo-mechanistic models able to describe the glucose production rate during AP enzymatic hydrolysis. In particular, pseudo-homogeneous Michaelis and Menten, as well as Chrastil’s models were used. The effect of lignin content on the enzymatic hydrolysis rate was evaluated. Chrastil’s model provided the best description of the glucose production rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: enzymatic hydrolysis; waste biomass; kinetics; biomass pre-treatment enzymatic hydrolysis; waste biomass; kinetics; biomass pre-treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Procentese, A.; Russo, M.E.; Di Somma, I.; Marzocchella, A. Kinetic Characterization of Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Apple Pomace as Feedstock for a Sugar-Based Biorefinery. Energies 2020, 13, 1051. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051051

AMA Style

Procentese A, Russo ME, Di Somma I, Marzocchella A. Kinetic Characterization of Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Apple Pomace as Feedstock for a Sugar-Based Biorefinery. Energies. 2020; 13(5):1051. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051051

Chicago/Turabian Style

Procentese, Alessandra, Maria E. Russo, Ilaria Di Somma, and Antonio Marzocchella. 2020. "Kinetic Characterization of Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Apple Pomace as Feedstock for a Sugar-Based Biorefinery" Energies 13, no. 5: 1051. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13051051

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