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Article

Assessment of Greenhouse Gases and Pollutant Emissions in the Road Freight Transport Sector: A Case Study for São Paulo State, Brazil

1
Chemical Engineering Department, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
2
Institute for Energy and Environment, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo SP 05508-010, Brazil
3
School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo SP 03828-000, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(20), 5433; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205433
Received: 28 August 2020 / Revised: 6 October 2020 / Accepted: 13 October 2020 / Published: 18 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Changes of Global Energy Systems)
This study analyzes the road freight sector of São Paulo state to identify the best options to reduce greenhouse gases emissions and local pollutants, such as particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons. Additionally, the investment cost of each vehicle is also analyzed. Results show that electric options, including hybrid, battery, and hydrogen fuel-cell electric vehicles represent the best options to reduce pollutants and greenhouse gases emissions concomitantly, but considerable barriers for their deployment are still in place. With little long-term planning on the state level, electrification of the transport system, in combination with increased renewable electricity generation, would require considerable financial support to achieve the desired emissions reductions without increasing energy insecurity. View Full-Text
Keywords: road freight transport; Brazil; Low Emissions Analysis Platform (LEAP); greenhouse gases emissions; pollutant emissions road freight transport; Brazil; Low Emissions Analysis Platform (LEAP); greenhouse gases emissions; pollutant emissions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gerber Machado, P.; Rodrigues Teixeira, A.C.; Mendes de Almeida Collaço, F.; Hawkes, A.; Mouette, D. Assessment of Greenhouse Gases and Pollutant Emissions in the Road Freight Transport Sector: A Case Study for São Paulo State, Brazil. Energies 2020, 13, 5433. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205433

AMA Style

Gerber Machado P, Rodrigues Teixeira AC, Mendes de Almeida Collaço F, Hawkes A, Mouette D. Assessment of Greenhouse Gases and Pollutant Emissions in the Road Freight Transport Sector: A Case Study for São Paulo State, Brazil. Energies. 2020; 13(20):5433. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205433

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gerber Machado, Pedro, Ana C. Rodrigues Teixeira, Flavia Mendes de Almeida Collaço, Adam Hawkes, and Dominique Mouette. 2020. "Assessment of Greenhouse Gases and Pollutant Emissions in the Road Freight Transport Sector: A Case Study for São Paulo State, Brazil" Energies 13, no. 20: 5433. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205433

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