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Open AccessArticle

Standardized Comparison of 40 Local Driving Cycles: Energy and Kinematics

Center of Technologies and Geosciences, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife 50740-550, Brazil
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Energies 2020, 13(20), 5434; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205434
Received: 17 August 2020 / Revised: 4 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 18 October 2020
Local driving cycles (LDCs) capture local traffic characteristics, while standard driving cycles (SDCs) compare vehicles in distinct regions. There is a plethora of LDCs, raising the question as to how distinct they are. To quantify it, we first organized a collection of 77 LDCs. From the speed—time images, it was possible to extract numerical vectors of 40 cycles in a standardized way. Comparing the LDCs developed for cars, we found that their parameters fluctuate significantly: the average speed varies from 14.7 to 44.7 km/h, and the fuel economy varies from 10.8 to 20.5 km/L. Comparing the LDCs with FTP-75 cycle, the difference in speed is 7 km/h, and in fuel economy is 1.5 km/L. For WLTC, the difference is 19.4 km/h and 3 km/L, respectively. Thus, given the deviations found between the analyzed LDCs, and between LDCs and SDCs, the numerical results reinforce the relevance of using LDCs for each region. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuel economy; characteristic parameters; driving cycles; energy consumption; average speed fuel economy; characteristic parameters; driving cycles; energy consumption; average speed
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Andrade, G.M.S.; Araújo, F.W.C.; Santos, M.P.M.N.; Magnani, F.S. Standardized Comparison of 40 Local Driving Cycles: Energy and Kinematics. Energies 2020, 13, 5434.

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