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Open AccessArticle

Dynamic Experimental Study on Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage by Bacteria Supported in Natural Minerals

1
College of Civil Engineering, Liaoning Technical University, Fuxin 123000, Liaoning, China
2
College of Mining, Liaoning Technical University, Fuxin 123000, Liaoning, China
3
College of Science, Liaoning Technical University, Fuxin 123000, Liaoning, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(2), 439; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13020439
Received: 22 December 2019 / Revised: 11 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Energy and Environment)
In order to solve the problem of pollution of acid mine drainage (AMD), such as low pH value and being rich in SO42−, Fe and Mn pollution ions, etc., immobilized particles were prepared by using sugar cane-refining waste (bagasse), a natural composite mineral (called medical stone in China) and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) as substrate materials, based on microbial immobilization technology. Medical stone is a kind of composite mineral with absorbability, non-toxicity and biological activity. The adsorption capacity of medical stone is different according to its geographic origins. Two dynamic columns were constructed with Column 1 filled by Fuxin’s medical stone-enhanced SRB immobilized particles, and Column 2 filled by Dengfeng’s medical stone-enhanced SRB immobilized particles as fillers. The treatment effect on AMD with SRB-immobilized particles enhanced by medical stone from different areas was compared. Results showed that Column 2 had better treatment effect on AMD. The average effluent pH value of Column 2 was 6.98, the average oxidation reduction potential (ORP) value was −70.17 mV, the average removal percentages of SO42−, Fe2+ and Mn2+ were 70.13%, 83.82% and 59.43%, respectively, and the average chemical oxygen demand (COD) emission was 555.48 mg/L. View Full-Text
Keywords: acid mine drainage; medical stone; bagasse; sulfate-reducing bacteria; immobilized particle acid mine drainage; medical stone; bagasse; sulfate-reducing bacteria; immobilized particle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dong, Y.; Di, J.; Wang, X.; Xue, L.; Yang, Z.; Guo, X.; Li, M. Dynamic Experimental Study on Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage by Bacteria Supported in Natural Minerals. Energies 2020, 13, 439.

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