The stability of the surrounding rock is the key problem regarding the normal use of coal mine roadways, and the floor heave of roadways is one of the key factors that can restrict high-yield and high-efficiency mining. Based on the 1305 auxiliary transportation roadway geological conditions in the Dananhu No. 1 Coal Mine, Xinjiang, the mechanism of roadway floor heave was studied by field geological investigation, theoretical analysis, and numerical simulation. We think that the surrounding rock of the roadway presents asymmetrical shrinkage under the original support condition, and it is the extrusion flow type floor heave. The bottom without support and influence of mining are the important causes of floor heave. Therefore, the optimal support scheme is proposed and verified. The results show that the maximum damage depth of the roadway floor is 3.2 m, and the damage depth of the floor of roadway ribs is 3.05 m. The floor heave was decreased from 735 mm to 268 mm, and the force of the rib bolts was reduced from 309 kN to 90 kN after using the optimization supporting scheme. This scheme effectively alleviated the “squeeze” effect of the two ribs on the soft rock floor, and the surrounding rock system achieves long-term stability after optimized support. This provides scientific guidance for field safe mining.
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