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Article

Sizing of Lithium-Ion Battery/Supercapacitor Hybrid Energy Storage System for Forklift Vehicle

1
ICube Laboratory (UMR CNRS 7357) INSA Strasbourg, 67000 Strasbourg, France
2
ICube Laboratory (UMR CNRS 7357) University of Strasbourg, 67081 Strasbourg, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in 2019 IEEE Vehicular Power and Propulsion Conference, Hanoi, Vietnam, 14–17 October 2019.
Energies 2020, 13(17), 4518; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13174518
Received: 17 July 2020 / Revised: 19 August 2020 / Accepted: 25 August 2020 / Published: 1 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis and Fault Tolerant Control of Electrical Vehicle)
Nowadays, electric vehicles are one of the main topics in the new industrial revolution, called Industry 4.0. The transport and logistic solutions based on E-mobility, such as handling machines, are increasing in factories. Thus, electric forklifts are mostly used because no greenhouse gas is emitted when operating. However, they are usually equipped with lead-acid batteries which present bad performances and long charging time. Therefore, combining high-energy density lithium-ion batteries and high-power density supercapacitors as a hybrid energy storage system results in almost optimal performances and improves battery lifespan. The suggested solution is well suited for forklifts which continuously start, stop, lift up and lower down heavy loads. This paper presents the sizing of a lithium-ion battery/supercapacitor hybrid energy storage system for a forklift vehicle, using the normalized Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI) drive cycle. To evaluate the performance of the lithium-ion battery/supercapacitor hybrid energy storage system, different sizing simulations are carried out. The suggested solution allows us to successfully optimize the system in terms of efficiency, volume and mass, in regard to the battery, supercapacitors technology and the energy management strategy chosen. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium-ion battery; supercapacitor; weight; volume; cost; hybrid electric vehicle; VDI drive cycle; forklift lithium-ion battery; supercapacitor; weight; volume; cost; hybrid electric vehicle; VDI drive cycle; forklift
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paul, T.; Mesbahi, T.; Durand, S.; Flieller, D.; Uhring, W. Sizing of Lithium-Ion Battery/Supercapacitor Hybrid Energy Storage System for Forklift Vehicle. Energies 2020, 13, 4518. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13174518

AMA Style

Paul T, Mesbahi T, Durand S, Flieller D, Uhring W. Sizing of Lithium-Ion Battery/Supercapacitor Hybrid Energy Storage System for Forklift Vehicle. Energies. 2020; 13(17):4518. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13174518

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paul, Théophile, Tedjani Mesbahi, Sylvain Durand, Damien Flieller, and Wilfried Uhring. 2020. "Sizing of Lithium-Ion Battery/Supercapacitor Hybrid Energy Storage System for Forklift Vehicle" Energies 13, no. 17: 4518. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13174518

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