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A Comprehensive Guide to Different Fracturing Technologies: A Review

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar 32610, Perak, Malaysia
2
Offshore Engineering Centre, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar 32610, Perak, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(13), 3326; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13133326
Received: 8 April 2020 / Revised: 10 May 2020 / Accepted: 20 May 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
Hydraulic fracturing has made the production of gas more economical. Shale gas possesses the potential to arise as a main natural gas source worldwide. It has been assessed that the top 42 countries, including the U.S., are predicted to own 7299 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of technically recoverable shale gas resources. The main goal of this paper is to serve as a guide of different shale gas extraction methods. The significance of these methods and possible pros and cons are determined. Each technique was explained with the support of literature review. Specifically, this paper revealed that some fracking methods such as pulsed arc electrohydraulic discharges (PAED), plasma stimulation and fracturing technology (PSF), thermal (cryogenic) fracturing, enhanced bacterial methanogenesis, and heating of rock mass are at the concept stage for conventional and other unconventional resources. Thus, these found to be significant for stimulating natural gas wells, which provides very good production results. This paper also discovered that fracking remains the recommended technique used by the oil and gas industries. View Full-Text
Keywords: guide to different fracturing technologies; shale gas extraction technologies; different hydraulic fracturing; natural gas extraction technologies guide to different fracturing technologies; shale gas extraction technologies; different hydraulic fracturing; natural gas extraction technologies
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liew, M.S.; Danyaro, K.U.; Zawawi, N.A.W.A. A Comprehensive Guide to Different Fracturing Technologies: A Review. Energies 2020, 13, 3326.

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