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Energies 2019, 12(3), 555;

Analysis of the Incidence of Direct Lightning over a HVDC Transmission Line through EFD Model

Department of Electrical Engineering, Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Fortaleza, Ceará 60440-900, Brazil
Center of Technologic Sciences, University of Fortaleza (Unifor), Fortaleza, Ceará 60811-905, Brazil
Department of Engineering and Technology, Federal Rural University of Semi-Arid Region (UFERSA), Mossoró 59625-900, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This author is a member of IEEE.
Received: 9 January 2019 / Revised: 26 January 2019 / Accepted: 4 February 2019 / Published: 11 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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HVDC systems are becoming more common worldwide, specially in Brazil, since the adoption of such system for Itaipu’s hydroelectric complex in the 1980’s. Today, the country has the Xingu-Estreito bipole, with length of 2375 km. This system crosses a region with high lightning incidence, a phenomenon which causes faults in power systems. The most widely used model for the positioning of the arrestor cables over a transmission line is the electrogeometric model. This model, however, does not take into account the different potentials over the structure’s surface, and therefore presents significant inaccuracies when assessing the risk of lightning strikes on structures such as a HVDC line. This work then used the Electric Field Deflection (EFD) model with the aid finite elements. Four levels of lightning are assessed (I, II, III and IV), with current peaks of 3.9, 5.4, 10.1 and 15.7 kA. It was verified that the positive pole tends to attract most of the lightning with shielding failures width (SFW) of 12, 8, 4 and 0 m. It was then proposed to move the arrestor cables horizontally. The study indicates that this horizontal shifting of the cables in 5 and 8 m toward the side with larger chance of direct incidence reduces the shielding failure widths in 50% for peak current of 3.9 kA and almost eliminates the strikes for lightning with peak currents of 5.4, 10.1 and 15.7 kA. View Full-Text
Keywords: HVDC; EFD; lightning, transmission line; LPS HVDC; EFD; lightning, transmission line; LPS

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Rodrigues, E.; Pontes, R.S.T.; Bandeira, J.; Aguiar, V.P.B. Analysis of the Incidence of Direct Lightning over a HVDC Transmission Line through EFD Model. Energies 2019, 12, 555.

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