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Open AccessArticle

Perspectives and Intensification of Energy Efficiency in Commercial and Residential Buildings Using Strategic Auditing and Demand-Side Management

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Electrical and Instrumentation Engineering, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala, Punjab 147004, India
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Computer Science and Engineering, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala, Punjab 147004, India
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Power Engineering Department, Faculty of Electrical Engineering Computing and Information Technology, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Department of Electrical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran 15875-4413, Iran
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Barrage d.o.o., 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(23), 4539; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12234539
Received: 23 October 2019 / Revised: 16 November 2019 / Accepted: 26 November 2019 / Published: 28 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Energy and Buildings)
With the ever-growing power demand, the energy efficiency in commercial and residential buildings is a matter of great concern. Also, strategic energy auditing (SEA) and demand-side management (DSM) are cost-effective means to identify the requirements of power components and their operation in the energy management system. In a commercial or residential building, the major components are light sources and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. The number of these components to be installed depends upon the technical and environmental standards. In this scenario, energy auditing (EA) allows identifying the methods, scope, and time for energy management, and it helps the costumers to manage their energy consumption wisely to reduce electricity bills. In the literature, most of the traditional strategies employed specific system techniques and algorithms, whereas, in recent years, load shifting-based DSM techniques were used under different operating scenarios. Considering these facts, the energy data in a year were collected under three different seasonal changes, i.e., severe cold, moderate, and severe heat for the variation in load demand under different environmental conditions. In this work, the energy data under three conditions were averaged, and the DSM schemes were developed for the operation of power components before energy auditing and after energy auditing. Moreover, the performance of the proposed DSM techniques was compared with the practical results in both scenarios, and, from the results, it was observed that the energy consumption reduced significantly in the proposed DSM approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy auditing; energy efficiency; commercial loads; demand-side management; operating scenario energy auditing; energy efficiency; commercial loads; demand-side management; operating scenario
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Kumar, P.; Brar, G.S.; Singh, S.; Nikolovski, S.; Baghaee, H.R.; Balkić, Z. Perspectives and Intensification of Energy Efficiency in Commercial and Residential Buildings Using Strategic Auditing and Demand-Side Management. Energies 2019, 12, 4539.

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