Next Article in Journal
A Chance-Constrained Multistage Planning Method for Active Distribution Networks
Previous Article in Journal
A Research on Driving Factors of Carbon Emissions of Road Transportation Industry in Six Asia-Pacific Countries Based on the LMDI Decomposition Method
Previous Article in Special Issue
Earth Fault Location Using Negative Sequence Currents
Open AccessArticle

Design of the Smart Grid Architecture According to Fractal Principles and the Basics of Corresponding Market Structure

TU Wien—Institute of Energy Systems and Electrical Drives, 1040 Vienna, Austria
Energies 2019, 12(21), 4153; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214153
Received: 7 October 2019 / Revised: 25 October 2019 / Accepted: 28 October 2019 / Published: 31 October 2019
Nowadays, there is a dramatic upsurge in the use of renewable energy resources, ICT and digitalization that requires more than the straightforward refinements of an established power system structure. New solutions are required to perform dynamic optimizations in real time, closed loops and so on, taking into account the high requirements on data privacy and cyber security. The LINK-paradigm was designed to meet these requirements. It was developed on the basis of the bottom-up method that can lead to misinterpretations or wrong conclusions. This work mainly deals with the verification of the authenticity and correctness of LINK. Fractal analysis is used to identify the unique and independent elements of smart grids required for the design of an architectural paradigm. The signature of the fractal structure, the so-called fractal pattern, is founded and referred to as electrical appliances (ElA). The latter has proven to be the key component of the architectural LINK paradigm. The definition of the LINK paradigm is finally validated: It consists of unique and independent elements that avoid misinterpretation or the need for any changes in its definition. Additionally, the fractal analysis indicates two fractal anomalies in the existing power system structure, while the fractal dimension calculation insinuates the highest complexity in the fractal level of electrical devices. The LINK-based holistic architecture is given a finishing touch. A compact presentation of the control chain strategy is provided that should facilitate its practical implementation. The basis for the harmonization of the market structure with the grid link arrangements is established. The processes of demand response and conservation voltage reduction are presented under the new findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: holistic power system architecture; smart grid; fractal design; fractal grid; LINK-paradigm; market design; local electricity market holistic power system architecture; smart grid; fractal design; fractal grid; LINK-paradigm; market design; local electricity market
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

ILO, A. Design of the Smart Grid Architecture According to Fractal Principles and the Basics of Corresponding Market Structure. Energies 2019, 12, 4153.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop