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Smart Campus: An Experimental Performance Comparison of Collaborative and Cooperative Schemes for Wireless Sensor Network

1
Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Panamericana, Álvaro del Portillo 49, Zapopan, Jalisco 45010, Mexico
2
Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Panamericana, Josemaría Escrivá de Balaguer 101, Aguascalientes 20290, Mexico
3
ITESO, Universidad Jesuita en Guadalajara, San Pedro Tlaquepaque 45604, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Energies 2019, 12(16), 3135; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12163135
Received: 20 July 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 11 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multi-Agent Energy Systems Simulation)
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Abstract

Presently, the Internet of Things (IoT) concept involves a scattered collection of different multipurpose sensor networks that capture information, which is further processed and used in applications such as smart cities. These networks can send large amounts of information in a fairly efficient but insecure wireless environment. Energy consumption is a key aspect of sensor networks since most of the time, they are battery powered and placed in not easily accessible locations. Therefore, and regardless of the final application, wireless sensor networks require a careful energy consumption analysis that allows selection of the best operating protocol and energy optimization scheme. In this paper, a set of performance metrics is defined to objectively compare different kinds of protocols. Four of the most popular IoT protocols are selected: Zigbee, LoRa, Bluethooth, and WiFi. To test and compare their performance, multiple sensors are placed at different points of a university campus to create a network that can accurately simulate a smart city. Finally, the network is analyzed in detail using two different schemes: collaborative and cooperative. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy consumption; wireless sensor network; cooperation; collaboration energy consumption; wireless sensor network; cooperation; collaboration
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Del-Valle-Soto, C.; Valdivia, L.J.; Velázquez, R.; Rizo-Dominguez, L.; López-Pimentel, J.-C. Smart Campus: An Experimental Performance Comparison of Collaborative and Cooperative Schemes for Wireless Sensor Network. Energies 2019, 12, 3135.

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