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Design and Optimization of an Integrated Turbo-Generator and Thermoelectric Generator for Vehicle Exhaust Electrical Energy Recovery

1
Asian Institute of Technology, School of Engineering and Technology, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
2
King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Faculty of Engineering, Bangkok 10800, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(16), 3134; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12163134
Received: 27 May 2019 / Revised: 31 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alternative Energy Sources)
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Abstract

The performance of turbo-generators significantly depends on the design of the power turbine. In addition, the thermoelectric generator can convert waste heat into another source of energy. This research aims to design and optimize an integrated turbo-generator and thermoelectric generator for diesel engines. The goal is to generate electricity from the vehicle exhaust gas. Electrical energy is derived from generators using the flow, pressure, and temperature of exhaust gases from combustion engines and heat-waste. In the case of turbo-generators and thermoelectric generators, the system automatically adjusts the power provided by an inverter. Typically, vehicle exhausts are discarded to the environment. Hence, the proposed conversion to electrical energy will reduce the alternator charging system. This work focuses on design optimization of a turbo-generator and thermoelectric generator for 2500 cc. diesel engines, due to their widespread usage. The concept, however, can also be applied to gasoline engines. Moreover, this model is designed for a hybrid vehicle. Charging during running will save time at the charging station. The optimization by variable van angles of 40°, 50°, 62°, 70°, and 80° shows that the best output power is 62°, which is identical to that calculated. The maximum power outputted from the designed prototype was 1262 watts when operating with an exhaust mass flow rate of 0.1024 kg/s at 3400 rpm (high performance of the engine). This research aims to reduce fuel consumption and reduce pollution from the exhaust, especially for hybrid vehicles. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermoelectric generation; turbo-generator; exhaust heat recovery thermoelectric generation; turbo-generator; exhaust heat recovery
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Nonthakarn, P.; Ekpanyapong, M.; Nontakaew, U.; Bohez, E. Design and Optimization of an Integrated Turbo-Generator and Thermoelectric Generator for Vehicle Exhaust Electrical Energy Recovery. Energies 2019, 12, 3134.

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