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Open AccessArticle

The Effects of Lithium Sulfur Battery Ageing on Second-Life Possibilities and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Studies

1
Catalonia Institute for Energy Research (IREC), Sant Adrià de Besòs 08930, Spain
2
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona 08034, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(12), 2440; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122440
Received: 29 May 2019 / Accepted: 24 June 2019 / Published: 25 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Storage and Management for Electric Vehicles)
The development of Li-ion batteries has enabled the re-entry of electric vehicles into the market. As car manufacturers strive to reach higher practical specific energies (550 Wh/kg) than what is achievable for Li-ion batteries, new alternatives for battery chemistry are being considered. Li-Sulfur batteries are of interest due to their ability to achieve the desired practical specific energy. The research presented in this paper focuses on the development of the Li-Sulfur technology for use in electric vehicles. The paper presents the methodology and results for endurance tests conducted on in-house manufactured Li-S cells under various accelerated ageing conditions. The Li-S cells were found to reach 80% state of health after 300–500 cycles. The results of these tests were used as the basis for discussing the second life options for Li-S batteries, as well as environmental Life Cycle Assessment results of a 50 kWh Li-S battery. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy storage ageing and degradation; life cycle assessment; second-life energy storage applications; Li-Sulfur batteries energy storage ageing and degradation; life cycle assessment; second-life energy storage applications; Li-Sulfur batteries
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wolff, D.; Canals Casals, L.; Benveniste, G.; Corchero, C.; Trilla, L. The Effects of Lithium Sulfur Battery Ageing on Second-Life Possibilities and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Studies. Energies 2019, 12, 2440. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122440

AMA Style

Wolff D, Canals Casals L, Benveniste G, Corchero C, Trilla L. The Effects of Lithium Sulfur Battery Ageing on Second-Life Possibilities and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Studies. Energies. 2019; 12(12):2440. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122440

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wolff, Deidre; Canals Casals, Lluc; Benveniste, Gabriela; Corchero, Cristina; Trilla, Lluís. 2019. "The Effects of Lithium Sulfur Battery Ageing on Second-Life Possibilities and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Studies" Energies 12, no. 12: 2440. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122440

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