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Achievements of the European Union Countries in Seeking a Sustainable Electricity Sector

1
Institute of Sustainable Construction, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Sauletekio al. 11, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
2
Institute of Social Sciences and Applied Informatics, Kaunas Faculty, Vilnius University, Muitines 8, LT-50229 Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(12), 2254; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122254
Received: 8 May 2019 / Revised: 3 June 2019 / Accepted: 7 June 2019 / Published: 12 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development and Implementation of Models of Electricity Market)
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Abstract

The electricity production sector has a significant share of final energy consumption and has a huge potential to use more renewable energy sources. Over the last two decades, the European Union (EU) reform of electricity markets has had positive results, and market liberalization acts as a stimulus for energy efficiency, lower prices, and technological progress. Today’s EU policy for the development of electricity and the entire energy sector seeks to provide system modernization, stability, reinforcement of the single market, and implementation of climate change policy with an emphasis on the decarbonization of energy sources and the increase of energy efficiency. After all of the EU efforts to form an electricity sector in member states, it is necessary to assess the efficiency of the policy implemented and to identify the results achieved in shaping a sustainable electricity sector. The purpose of this article is to carry out a sustainability assessment of the electricity sector in the EU countries. A set of eight indicators designed to assess the sustainability of the electricity sector of different EU countries in 2017 has been drawn up. The assessment is made using the multi-criteria decision-making method (MCDM) Technique for Order Preference (TOPSIS). The assessment shows that the electricity market of Slovenia is the most sustainable, with Luxembourg in the second position in the EU. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; electricity sector; renewable electricity; multi-criteria decision-making; MCDM; TOPSIS; European Union; sustainable energy; sustainability assessment renewable energy; electricity sector; renewable electricity; multi-criteria decision-making; MCDM; TOPSIS; European Union; sustainable energy; sustainability assessment
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Siksnelyte, I.; Zavadskas, E.K. Achievements of the European Union Countries in Seeking a Sustainable Electricity Sector. Energies 2019, 12, 2254.

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