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Field Measurements and Numerical Simulation for the Definition of the Thermal Stratification and Ventilation Performance in a Mechanically Ventilated Sports Hall

1
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentu str. 48, LT-51367 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Department of Environmental Technology, Kaunas University of Technology, Radvilenu str. 19, LT-50254 Kaunas, Lithuania
3
School of Engineering, Frederick University, Nicosia 1036, Cyprus
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(12), 2243; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12122243
Received: 26 April 2019 / Revised: 8 June 2019 / Accepted: 8 June 2019 / Published: 12 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Performance and Indoor Climate Analysis in Buildings)
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Abstract

Sports halls must meet strict requirements for energy and indoor air quality (IAQ); therefore, there is a great challenge in the design of the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems of such buildings. IAQ in sports halls may be affected by thermal stratification, pollutants from different sources, the maintenance of building, and the HVAC system of the building, as well as by the activities performed inside the building. The aim of this study is to investigate thermal stratification conditions in accordance with the performance of the HVAC systems in the basketball training hall of Žalgirio Arena, Kaunas in Lithuania. Field measurements including temperature, relative humidity, and CO2 concentration were implemented between January and February in 2017. The temperature and relative humidity were measured at different heights (0.1, 1.7, 2.5, 3.9, 5.4, and 6.9 m) and at five different locations in the arena. Experimental results show that mixing the ventilation application together with air heating results in higher temperatures in the occupied zone than in the case of air heating without ventilation. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations revealed that using the same heating output as for warm air heating and underfloor heating, combined with mechanical mixing or displacement ventilation, ensures higher temperatures in the occupied zone, creating a potential for energy saving. An increase of air temperature was noticed from 3.9 m upwards. Since CO2 concentration near the ceiling was permissible, the study concluded that it is possible to recycle the air from the mentioned zone and use it again by mixing with the air of lower layers, thus saving energy for air heating. View Full-Text
Keywords: indoor air quality; stratification; basketball hall; CFD; field measurement indoor air quality; stratification; basketball hall; CFD; field measurement
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Seduikyte, L.; Stasiulienė, L.; Prasauskas, T.; Martuzevičius, D.; Černeckienė, J.; Ždankus, T.; Dobravalskis, M.; Fokaides, P. Field Measurements and Numerical Simulation for the Definition of the Thermal Stratification and Ventilation Performance in a Mechanically Ventilated Sports Hall. Energies 2019, 12, 2243.

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