Next Article in Journal
The Optimized Energy Saving of a Refrigerating Chamber
Next Article in Special Issue
Energy Storage Analysis of UIO-66 and Water Mixed Nanofluids: An Experimental and Theoretical Study
Previous Article in Journal
Investigation of Internal Short Circuits of Lithium-Ion Batteries under Mechanical Abusive Conditions
Open AccessArticle

Synthesis of LiNi0.85Co0.14Al0.01O2 Cathode Material and its Performance in an NCA/Graphite Full-Battery

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta, Central Java 57126, Indonesia
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta, Central Java 57126, Indonesia
3
National Center for Sustainable Transportation Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Bandung, West Java 40132, Indonesia
4
Department of Physics, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No.10, Bandung, West Java 40132, Indonesia
5
Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta, Central Java 57126, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(10), 1886; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12101886
Received: 22 April 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 13 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Storage: From Chemicals to Materials and More)
Nickel-rich cathode material, NCA (85:14:1), is successfully synthesized using two different, simple and economical batch methods, i.e., hydroxide co-precipitation (NCA-CP) and the hydroxides solid state reaction method (NCA-SS), followed by heat treatments. Based on the FTIR spectra, all precursor samples exhibit two functional groups of hydroxide and carbonate. The XRD patterns of NCA-CP and NCA-SS show a hexagonal layered structure (space group: R_3m), with no impurities detected. Based on the SEM images, the micro-sized particles exhibit a sphere-like shape with aggregates. The electrochemical performances of the samples were tested in a 18650-type full-cell battery using artificial graphite as the counter anode at the voltage range of 2.7–4.25 V. All samples have similar characteristics and electrochemical performances that are comparable to the commercial NCA battery, despite going through different synthesis routes. In conclusion, the overall results are considered good and have the potential to be adapted for commercialization. View Full-Text
Keywords: synthesis; Li-ion batteries; electrochemical performance; NCA synthesis; Li-ion batteries; electrochemical performance; NCA
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Yudha, C.S.; Muzayanha, S.U.; Widiyandari, H.; Iskandar, F.; Sutopo, W.; Purwanto, A. Synthesis of LiNi0.85Co0.14Al0.01O2 Cathode Material and its Performance in an NCA/Graphite Full-Battery. Energies 2019, 12, 1886.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop