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Energies 2019, 12(1), 160; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010160

A Holistic Review on Biomass Gasification Modified Equilibrium Models

1
CT2M—Centre for Mechanical and Materials Technologies, Mechanical Engineering Department of Minho University, 4804-533 Guimarães, Portugal
2
VALORIZA-Research Center for Endogenous Resource Valorisation, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre, 7300-555 Portalegre, Portugal
3
CIENER-LAETA/Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 December 2018 / Revised: 24 December 2018 / Accepted: 26 December 2018 / Published: 3 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioenergy and Biofuel)
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Abstract

Biomass gasification is realized as a settled process to produce energy in a sustainable form, between all the biomass-based energy generation routes. Consequently, there are a renewed interest in biomass gasification promoting the research of different mathematical models to enlighten and comprehend gasification process complexities. This review is focused on the thermodynamic equilibrium models, which is the class of models that seems to be more developed. It is verified that the review articles available in the literature do not address non-stoichiometric methods, as well as an ambiguous categorization of stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric methods. Therefore, the main purpose of this article is to review the non-stoichiometric equilibrium models and categorize them, and review the different stoichiometric equilibrium model’s categorization available in the literature. The modeling procedures adopted for the different modeling categories are compared. Conclusion can be drawn that almost all equilibrium models are modified by the inclusion of empirical correction factors that improves the model prediction capabilities but with loss of generality. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass gasification; equilibrium models; stoichiometric model; non-stoichiometric model biomass gasification; equilibrium models; stoichiometric model; non-stoichiometric model
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Ferreira, S.; Monteiro, E.; Brito, P.; Vilarinho, C. A Holistic Review on Biomass Gasification Modified Equilibrium Models. Energies 2019, 12, 160.

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