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Open AccessArticle

ICT Based Performance Evaluation of Primary Frequency Control Support from Renewable Power Plants in Smart Grids

1
Department of Electronic Systems, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
2
DTU Wind Energy, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark
3
Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(6), 1329; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061329
Received: 20 April 2018 / Revised: 11 May 2018 / Accepted: 19 May 2018 / Published: 23 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electric Power Systems Research 2018)
The increased penetration of Renewable Energy Generation (ReGen) plants in future power systems poses several challenges to the stability of the entire system. In future green energy rich power systems, the responsibility for providing ancillary services will be shifted from conventional power plants towards ReGen plants, such as wind and photovoltaic power plants. Frequency control support from the Wind Power Plants (WPPs) is one of the crucial ancillary services in order to preserve operational stability in case of grid disturbances. Among other requirements, the ability to provide fast frequency control support from ReGen plants will highly depend on the underlying communication infrastructure that allows an exchange of information between different ReGen plants and the control centers. This paper, therefore, focuses on the evaluation of the impact of communication and the related aspects to provide online frequency control support from ReGen (with special focus on WPP). The performance evaluation is based on an aggregated WPP model that is integrated into a generic power system model. This generic power system model is specifically designed to assess the ancillary services in a relatively simple yet relevant environment. Several case studies with different wind speeds at a particular wind-power penetration level and communication scenarios are considered to evaluate the performance of power system frequency response. The article provides the Transmission System Operator (TSO) and other communication engineers insights into the importance and various aspects of communication infrastructure for general service coordination between WPPs and specifically primary frequency control coordination from WPPs in future power systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grids; communication; cellular networks; renewable generation plants; frequency control coordination; wind power plant; ancillary services smart grids; communication; cellular networks; renewable generation plants; frequency control coordination; wind power plant; ancillary services
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shahid, K.; Altin, M.; Mikkelsen, L.M.; Løvenstein Olsen, R.; Iov, F. ICT Based Performance Evaluation of Primary Frequency Control Support from Renewable Power Plants in Smart Grids. Energies 2018, 11, 1329.

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