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Open AccessEditor’s ChoiceArticle

Big Data Analytics for Discovering Electricity Consumption Patterns in Smart Cities

1
Division of Computer Science, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, ES-41013 Seville, Spain
2
Division of Computer Science, University of Sevilla, ES-41012 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Energies 2018, 11(3), 683; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030683
Received: 31 January 2018 / Revised: 5 March 2018 / Accepted: 13 March 2018 / Published: 18 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Data Science and Big Data in Energy Forecasting)
New technologies such as sensor networks have been incorporated into the management of buildings for organizations and cities. Sensor networks have led to an exponential increase in the volume of data available in recent years, which can be used to extract consumption patterns for the purposes of energy and monetary savings. For this reason, new approaches and strategies are needed to analyze information in big data environments. This paper proposes a methodology to extract electric energy consumption patterns in big data time series, so that very valuable conclusions can be made for managers and governments. The methodology is based on the study of four clustering validity indices in their parallelized versions along with the application of a clustering technique. In particular, this work uses a voting system to choose an optimal number of clusters from the results of the indices, as well as the application of the distributed version of the k-means algorithm included in Apache Spark’s Machine Learning Library. The results, using electricity consumption for the years 2011–2017 for eight buildings of a public university, are presented and discussed. In addition, the performance of the proposed methodology is evaluated using synthetic big data, which cab represent thousands of buildings in a smart city. Finally, policies derived from the patterns discovered are proposed to optimize energy usage across the university campus. View Full-Text
Keywords: big data; time series clustering; patterns; smart cities big data; time series clustering; patterns; smart cities
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Pérez-Chacón, R.; Luna-Romera, J.M.; Troncoso, A.; Martínez-Álvarez, F.; Riquelme, J.C. Big Data Analytics for Discovering Electricity Consumption Patterns in Smart Cities. Energies 2018, 11, 683.

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