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Energies 2018, 11(12), 3359; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11123359

Particulate Matter Produced by Micro-Scale Biomass Combustion in an Oxygen-Lean Atmosphere

1
Energy Institute, NETME Centre, Brno University of Technology, Technická 2896/2, 61669 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Sustainable Process Integration Laboratory—SPIL, NETME Centre, Brno University of Technology, Technická 2896/2, 61669 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 21 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 1 December 2018
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Abstract

This article extends earlier research by the authors that was devoted to the experimental evaluation of ultra-fine particles produced by the laboratory combustion of beechwood samples. These particles can have severe influence on human health. The current paper presents a parametrical study carried out to assess the influence of the composition of the atmosphere and the temperature on the production of ultra-fine particles during the micro-scale combustion process. The paper presents a laboratory procedure that incorporate the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and detailed monitoring of the size distribution of the produced fine particles. The study utilises the laboratory scale identification of the formation and growth of the fine particles during the temperature increase of beech wood samples. It also compares the particle emissions produced by beech heartwood and beech bark. The size of the emitted particles is very strongly influenced by the concentration of light volatiles released from the heated wood sample. From the experimental study, decreasing oxygen content in the atmosphere generally results in higher particulate matter (PM) production. View Full-Text
Keywords: particulate matter; fine particles; combustion particles; nucleation; particle growth particulate matter; fine particles; combustion particles; nucleation; particle growth
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Poláčik, J.; Šnajdárek, L.; Špiláček, M.; Pospíšil, J.; Sitek, T. Particulate Matter Produced by Micro-Scale Biomass Combustion in an Oxygen-Lean Atmosphere. Energies 2018, 11, 3359.

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