Next Article in Journal
Computational Modelling of Three Different Sub-Boundary Layer Vortex Generators on a Flat Plate
Previous Article in Journal
Carbon Footprint Modeling of a Clinical Lab
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2018, 11(11), 3106; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11113106

Protection Schemes of Meshed Distribution Networks for Smart Grids and Electric Vehicles

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Educators, School of Pedagogical & Technological Education (ASPETE), Heraklion Attikis, 141 21 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 October 2018 / Revised: 5 November 2018 / Accepted: 6 November 2018 / Published: 10 November 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [1866 KB, uploaded 10 November 2018]   |  

Abstract

This paper reviews protection schemes for meshed distribution networks. It gives emphasis to the increasing penetration of electric vehicles, their charging patterns, and to the increasing value of distributed generators, especially from renewables. It includes a preliminary analysis on system planning with electric vehicles that is studied probabilistically and a more detailed analysis of the expected changes introduced by these new loads. Finally, a real time hardware-in-the-loop review analysis for protection systems and the open source networks available for protection studies from several sources are also provided. This work could be useful as a collective review of the recent bibliography on protection for meshed networks, giving emphasis to electric vehicles and their real time simulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: protection; distribution networks; smart grids; electric vehicles; meshed configuration protection; distribution networks; smart grids; electric vehicles; meshed configuration
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lazarou, S.; Vita, V.; Ekonomou, L. Protection Schemes of Meshed Distribution Networks for Smart Grids and Electric Vehicles. Energies 2018, 11, 3106.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top