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Energies 2018, 11(11), 3022; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11113022

Characterization of Narrowband Noise and Channel Capacity for Powerline Communication in France

1
Research Group on Materials, Microelectronics, Acoustics, and Nanotechnology, University of Tours, 37000 Tours, France
2
Laboratoire des Applications Numériques (LAN), Node Park Touraine, 165 rue Yves Chauvin, 37310 Tauxigny, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2018 / Revised: 25 October 2018 / Accepted: 31 October 2018 / Published: 2 November 2018
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Abstract

Narrowband powerline communication (NB-PLC) systems represent a key step for the real development of smart grids’ applications in the medium voltage (MV) and low voltage (LV) networks. This article sums up the results of a complete experimental measurement campaign aimed at investigating the low voltage NB-PLC channel in the frequency range from 9 to 500 kHz in various sites (i.e., rural, urban etc.) located in France. The noise features in time-frequency representation are studied at five different sites between the transformer substation and the smart electricity meter. The main contribution of this study consists in estimating the theoretical channel capacity which constitutes a major interest for the users and actors of the electrical system. The channel capacity calculation shows reliable results in the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) band (a few Mbits/s). The quality of the communication in the FCC band enables to integrate new smart grids’ applications and services based on the existing NB-PLC communication for advanced metering infrastructure (AMI). View Full-Text
Keywords: NB-PLC; channel capacity; background noise; impulsive noise; cyclo-stationary noise; smart grids’ applications; AMI NB-PLC; channel capacity; background noise; impulsive noise; cyclo-stationary noise; smart grids’ applications; AMI
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Elfeki, I.; Jacques, S.; Aouichak, I.; Doligez, T.; Raingeaud, Y.; Le Bunetel, J.-C. Characterization of Narrowband Noise and Channel Capacity for Powerline Communication in France. Energies 2018, 11, 3022.

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